Encoded Archival Context—Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families (EAC-CPF) Tag Library
Version 2010 (revised 2010 August)
Prepared and maintained by the
Encoded Archival Context Working Group of the Society of American Archivists and the
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin
Diagram of W3C Schema

Table of Contents

Dedication  [toc]
The Encoded Archival Context Working dedicates the 2010 EAC-CPF Schema and Tag Library to the memory of Per-Gunnar Ottosson. P-G, as he was known to his many friends around the world, played a key role in the development of many international archival standards. He played a critical role in the early development of EAC, but illness and his death in 2008 prevented him from seeing the EAC-CPF work completed. He will be remembered for his keen intelligence, collaborative skills, and wonderful wit. Above all, he will be fondly remembered as a friend.
Release and Revision Notes  [toc]
The EAC-CPF Tag Library should be considered a living document. As such, it will continue to be developed as users suggest areas in need of clarification or expansion. The EAC Working Group encourages implementers to provide any queries, comments, and suggestions regarding the tag library and its content. In addition, the contribution of examples is highly encouraged. Questions, comments or examples may be directed to the Chair of the EAC Working Group, Katherine M. Wisser (wisser [at] simmons.edu).
The underlying encoding of the Tag Library is based on TEI P5 and is designed to facilitate incorporating documentation into the schema to provide guidance in XML editors. While the initial release of the Tag Library is in English, the underlying encoding is designed to facilitate providing the Tag Library in additional languages at later dates.
A PDF version of the Tag Library will also be released at a later date.
Background  [toc]
EAC began with a 1998 effort by Richard Szary, Wendy Duff, and Daniel Pitti to envision a standard for encoding and exchanging authoritative information about the context of archival materials. This standard would provide a communication standard for the exchange of authority records based on International Standard for Archival Authority Records—Corporate Bodies, Persons, Families (ISAAR(CPF)) and would parallel the standard for encoding archival record finding aids that was found in Encoded Archival Description (EAD). As EAD enabled the practical expression of General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD(G)), the new standard would enable the expression of ISAAR(CPF). A parallel standard would preserve and strengthen the essential duality that characterizes archival description when it is presented in archival finding aids.
A separate standard would pave the way to eliminating some practical problems found in the use of EAD, which had been developed as a comprehensive solution for encoding standalone finding aids—the dominant presentation model—which held all forms of descriptive data about archival records. Since materials by or about a single entity might be found in many fonds or many repositories, there is much redundant effort in recording information about the same entity. In addition, these duplicative efforts can result in great inconsistency, which bedevils both users, in finding and interpreting materials, and archivists, in creating accurate and complete references to such entities.
Yale University hosted an international meeting in 1998. The meeting was organized by Richard Szary and funded by the Digital Library Federation. The goals of the meeting were to plan the funding and development of an encoding standard based on ISAAR(CPF).
In 2001, with financial assistance from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, a second international working group met in Toronto. This meeting produced the Toronto Tenets (http://www.library.yale.edu/eac/torontotenets.htm), the principles that gave shape to the proposed standard. The group also established goals for the standard, mapped out the broader parameters of the Document Type Definition (DTD), and established a working group to create a fully formed syntax. The DTD achieved its Beta distribution in 2004, beginning a long testing phase as it was applied in several European and U.S. projects. Informed by the results that emerged from this testbed, the Society of American Archivists' Encoded Archival Context Working Group was formed in 2007 to carry this work forward to the creation of a standard version, and expression in a schema and Tag Library. With the support of the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, the IBC (Instituto per I beni artistici culturali e naturali) of the Regione Emilia-Romagna, the Archivio di Stato di Bologna, OCLC Research, and the National Library of Australia, the EAC Working Group met for three days in Bologna, Italy in May 2008 to lay the foundation of the existing EAC-CPF standard. On-going work via electronic mail and conference calls continued the work started in Bologna. A review period of the final draft was offered in August to November 2009, and the completed schema was released in March 2010. The Working Group is indebted to archivists throughout the international community for their input, review, and testing of the schema during its development phase.
Archival description includes information about the content, intellectual and physical attributes of the material, as well as information about the context of their creation and use. The context of the creation and use of material is complex and multi-layered and may involve individuals, families, organizations, societies, functions, activities, business processes, geographic places, events, and other entities. Primary among these entities are the agents responsible for the creation or use of material, usually organizations or persons. With information about these agents, users can understand and interpret the records more fully since they will know the context within which the agents operated and created and/or used the material. Contextual information about these agents can be used either as a component within descriptive approaches that fully integrate contextual information into descriptive products, as archives have traditionally done, or as an independent system that is linked to other descriptive systems and products that focus on content.
Encoded Archival Context – Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families (EAC-CPF) addresses the description of individuals, families and corporate bodies that create, preserve, use and are responsible for and/or associated with records in a variety of ways. Over time, other types of contextual entities may evolve under the larger EAC umbrella, but currently its primary purpose is to standardize the encoding of descriptions about agents to enable the sharing, discovery and display of this information in an electronic environment. It supports the linking of information about one agent to other agents to show/discover the relationships amongst record-creating entities and the linking to descriptions of records and other contextual entities.
EAC-CPF is a communication structure for archival contextual information for individuals, corporate bodies and families. It supports the exchange of ISAAR (CPF) compliant authority records. ISAAR (CPF) "determines the types of information that could be included in an archival authority record and provides guidance on how such records may be deployed in an archival descriptive system." ISAAR (CPF) also notes that "[s]uccessful automated exchange of archival authority information over computer networks is dependent upon the adoption of a suitable communication format by the repositories involved in the exchange. Encoded Archival Context (EAC) is one such communication format which supports the exchange of ISAAR(CPF) compliant archival authority data over the World Wide Web" (ISAAR (CPF), 2003, 15). EAC-CPF provides a mechanism for enabling the full expression of ISAAR (CPF), however it may also contain some additional elements or technical content not contained within ISAAR (CPF).
Based upon the Toronto Tenets, established in 2001, the following have informed the development of the schema:
Definitions and Uses
1.
Archival context information consists of information describing the circumstances under which archival materials have been created, maintained and used. This context includes, but is not limited to, the identification and characteristics of the persons, organizations, and families (agents) who have been the creators, users, or subjects of records, as well as the relationships amongst them.
2.
Context information about agents is not data that describes other information resources, but rather data that describes entities that are part of the environment in which those information resources (e.g., records) have existed.
3.
The recording of context information about agents in archival information systems directly supports a more complete description and understanding of records, as well as the provenance approach to retrieval of these records across time and domains.
4.
Context information about agents can also have value as an independent information resource, separate from its use in supporting the description, retrieval, and interpretation of records.
5.
This model is also intended to support the exchange and sharing of context information about agents, especially in those instances where repositories have holdings or interests that have context information in common.
Structure and Content
6.
Each instance of context information about agents describes a single entity.
7.
The model provides a framework within which the full range and depth of context information about agents can be recorded and suggests a minimum set of elements for describing an entity, but defers recommendations for the appropriate use of other elements to application guidelines developed for specific implementations.
8.
The model defines a universe of elements used to describe agents and the structure of interrelationships amongst those elements. These elements and structure support the discovery, navigation and presentation of context information about agents and the linking of that information to descriptions of archival material or to other contextual entities, especially those encoded according to EAD, MARC, and similar standards.
9.
The model supports the linking of descriptions of contextual entities to digital or other surrogate representations of those entities.
Technical Issues
10.
The model is expressed as an XML language to encourage platform independence and portability of information. The model may also be implemented using other approaches.
EAC-CPF Concepts  [toc]
Agents are complex. For example, one agent can consist of multiple identities, or a single identity can be associated with several different agents. This fact necessitates the structure of this standard to account for the various ways in which agents can be expressed. In order to accommodate the variety of agents, several concepts are defined:
SINGLE IDENTITY: one person (or corporate body or family) with a single identity represented in one EAC-CPF instance. (Most common)
MULTIPLE IDENTITY-MANY IN ONE: two or more identities (including official identities) with each represented by distinct descriptions within one EAC-CPF instance. Can be programmatically converted into Multiple Identity-One in Many. (Less common though not rare).
MULTIPLE IDENTITY-ONE IN MANY: two or more identities (including official identities) each represented in two or more interrelated EAC-CPF instances. Can be programmatically converted into Multiple Identity-Many in One. (Less common though not rare).
ALTERNATIVE SET: derived EAC-CPF instance that is based on and incorporates two or more alternative EAC-CPF instances for the same entity. To be used by a consortia or a utility providing union access to authority records maintained in two or more systems by two or more agencies. Alternative EAC-CPF instances may be in different languages or in the same language.
COLLABORATIVE IDENTITY: a single identity shared by two or more persons (e.g. a shared pseudonym used in creation of a collaborative work). Use Multiple Identity-One in Many. (Rare).
EAC-CPF has been created to accommodate this variety of identities, and includes a number of ways to express complexities based on individual repository or aggregator preferences. These options reflect a design principle that underscores increased opportunity for repositories or aggregators to customize the standard for specific needs while at the same time ensuring future aggregation. These flexibilities also reflect an acknowledgement that some fundamental philosophical differences with regard to the description of identity exist in the international community. EAC-CPF maintains a neutral stance on those philosophical differences, and instead has accommodated the various options without precluding aggregation in the future.
For purposes of this tag library, agents refer to repositories or services creating or maintaining EAC-CPF records, while entities refer to those for which the records are about.
Overview of EAC-CPF Structure and Semantics  [toc]
Introduction  [toc]
Each EAC-CPF document contains two mandatory elements, the <control> element and either the element <cpfDescription> or <multipleIdentities>. The <control> element contains data used in the control of the entity description, and to provide context for that description. <cpfDescription> contains information on the name structures, descriptive elements, and relationships. <multipleIdentities> is used when there is more than one <cpfDescription>. These two wrapper elements contain specific elements to support the functional intentions of the parent or containing element.
<control>  [toc]
The <control> element contains the following subelements:
<recordId> - EAC-CPF Identifier. Contains one or more unique identifiers for the EAC-CPF instance. Required.
<maintenanceAgency> - Maintenance Agency. Name and coded information about the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance. Required.
<maintenanceStatus> - Maintenance Status. Contains the current drafting status of the EAC-CPF instance. Values include: new, revised, deleted, cancelled, deletedSplit, or deletedReplaced. Required.
<maintenanceHistory> - Maintenance History. Contains information about the date, type and events within the life cycle of an EAC-CPF instance. Contains one or more <maintenanceEvent> elements that document creating, importing, updating, and deletion of the description. Each maintenance event contains an agent, the type of agent (human or machine), the type of event, a description of the event, and the date of the event. Required.
<publicationStatus> - Publication Status. Contains information about the editorial status of the EAC-CPF instance. Optional.
<languageDeclaration> - Language Declaration. Contains coded and natural language information about the language of the EAC-CPF instance. Required.
<sources> - Sources. Contains information about the sources consulted in creating the description of the entity or entities in the EAC-CPF instance. Contains one or more <source> element. Required.
<conventionDeclaration> - Convention Declaration. Contains information on the rules used to construct the EAC-CPF instance, in particular the names formed in <identity> and the controlled vocabularies and thesauri used in the EAC-CPF instance. Optional.
<otherRecordId> - Other Record Identifier. An element that allows the recording of additional identifiers that may be associated with the EAC-CPF instance. Optional.
<localControl> - Local Control. An element in which to record any control entries necessary due to local practice that are not represented by the other elements in <control>. Optional.
<localTypeDeclaration> - Local Type Declaration. An element used to declare local conventions used in the @localType attribute.
<cpfDescription>  [toc]
The <cpfDescription>-Corporate body, person or family description, comprises the description of the entity. Similar to the <control> element, <cpfDescription> has several complex subelements used to describe different features of the entity:
<identity> - Identity. Complex structure containing the name or names used by the entity over the course of the entity’s existence. Contains a repeatable <nameEntry> element for different names, and a repeatable <nameEntryParallel> element for more than one <nameEntry> expressed in different languages. Required.
<description> - Description. Contains formal description elements parallel to those in ISAAR (CPF) for the description of the entity. An additional <localDescription> allows for local implementation of additional descriptive information not included in the other <description> elements. Optional.
<relations> - Relations. Contains one or more references to or descriptions of related corporate bodies, persons or families <cpfRelation>, functions <functionRelation>, or resources <resourceRelation>. Optional.
<alternativeSet> - Alternative set. Contains two or more authority records for the same entity derived from two or more authority systems, expressed within a single EAC-CPF instance. The <alternativeSet> consists of two or more <setComponent> elements for the authority records.
<identity>  [toc]
The most complex element in the EAC-CPF schema is the <identity> element. In addition to needing to accommodate one or more names used for or by the entity, <identity> must accommodate two or more parallel names in different languages or scripts. In countries where there is more than one official language, such as Canada, names of corporate bodies have more than one language. The <identity> contains a required <entityType> and one or more <nameEntry> and/or <nameEntryParallel> elements. It also includes an optional <entityId> and <descriptiveNote>. The <nameEntry> element is constructed of one or more <part> elements and contains the attributes @scriptCode, @xml:lang, @transliteration, and @localType to provide precision about the language and script of the names if desired. It includes an optional <useDates> element to identify dates of use of a name. <nameEntryParallel>, which is intended for use when the same name is expressed in different languages, contains one or more <nameEntry> elements and an optional <useDates> element. For example, within the context of the Archive of Ontario, parallel French and English headings can be designated by placing the repository code of the Archive in two parallel <nameEntry> elements, with the two different headings being distinguished by the values in the @xml:lang.
Within <identity>, names represented through <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> may be selected as authorized or variant names. The <authorizedForm> and <alternativeForm> elements are available within <nameEntry> and <nameEntryParallel> elements to identify the status of the name according to a particular set of rules. The content of the element is the identification of those rules. Additionally, within <nameEntryParallel>, a single <nameEntry> may be preferred over others. A <preferredForm> element is available in that instance to identify the preferred form of the name according to a particular set of rules. The content of the element identifies those rules.
<description>  [toc]
The <description> element accommodates a variety of both controlled and prose descriptions of entities. The contained elements closely reflect the descriptive categories outlined in ISAAR (CPF). Descriptive elements generally have a singular and plural form, the latter being used for those cases of multiple instances of a descriptive category or less formal prose description. For example, <function> would be used for a single function term, <functions> will bundle more than one function descriptor or alternatively, it will allow a discursive description. Most elements within <description> include an optional <descriptiveNote> element to provide explanatory text. All elements within <description> are optional. Elements for description include:
<existDates> — Dates of Existence. Contains dates of existence of the entity being described. Can include actual or approximate dates, using either <date>, <dateRange>, or <dateSet>.
<place> — Place. Includes relevant location information, optionally paired with related date information. Includes elements <placeEntry> and <placeRole> and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<localDescription> — Local Description. An element intended to extend the descriptive categories available in a local system. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<legalStatus> — Legal Status. Includes the legal status of a corporate body, typically defined by authorities and granted by either a government or an authorized agency. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<function> — Function. Includes relevant functions, processes, activities, tasks, or transactions performed by the entity being described. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<languageUsed> — Language Used. Indicates the language and script in which the entity being described was creative or productive. Includes elements <language> and <script>.
<occupation> — Occupation. Includes relevant occupations held by the entity being described. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<mandate> — Mandate. Includes relevant mandates for corporate bodies being described. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<structureOrGenealogy> — Structure or Genealogy. Includes information about the structure of a corporate body or the genealogy of a person or family. Includes elements <outline>, <list>, and <p> to assist in structuring the text.
<generalContext> — General Context. Includes information about the general social and cultural context of the entity being described. Includes a <term> element and the range of possibilities with date information: <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>.
<biogHist> — Biographical or Historical Note. Includes discursive text providing biographical and/or historical information about the entity being described. Includes an <abstract> element for a brief synopsis of the full content; a <chronList> element allows for structured date, event and optional place information. Includes <list>, <outline>, <p> elements to assist in structuring the text.
All elements in <description> provide a @localType attribute to provide semantic specificity to the term being used. With the exception of <existDates>, <structureOrGenealogy>, <generalContext>, and <biogHist>, plural form wrapper elements are available to bundle multiple occurrences of these elements. These wrapper elements also include elements <citation>, <list>, <outline>, and <p> to accommodate greater complexity in representing the description being created.
<relations>  [toc]
As a component of archival description, entity description must be brought into relation with the other descriptive components. Entity descriptions must be dynamically related to the record descriptions for which they provide context, and the functions and activities in which the entities engage and that the records document. With the exception of unique relations, it is the nature of relations that they take place among entities and not within them. Entities are related to other entities, to activities and functions, and to records. Similarly, activities and functions are related to other functions and activities, to creators, and to records; and records are related to other records, to entities, and to functions and activities. Each entity, record, or function/activity description can thus function as a node in a set of relations.
Because relations occur between the descriptive nodes, they are most efficiently created and maintained outside of each node. A person, for example, can be related to one or more persons, organizations or families; to one or more archival records, books, journals, and museum objects; and to various occupations and activities. Each of the related entities can be related to one or more other entities. To record all of these relations in the description of each node is inefficient, as correction of an error would require updating two or more descriptions.
While maintaining relations independent of descriptions is efficient, when communicating descriptions between systems or to users it will be necessary to assemble or gather and represent the related descriptions using descriptive surrogates. Each surrogate for a related description will optimally include both human- and machine-readable information. The human-readable information provides succinct descriptions of the related entity, entity records, or function/activity sufficient to enable identification and a relevancy judgment. The machine-readable information supports a traversable link to the related description.
There are three elements for describing relations with other descriptive entities that are included in the <relations> element: <cpfRelation>, <functionRelation>, <resourceRelation>. Within each of these relations elements, there are: <relationEntry>, <objectXMLWrap>, <objectBinWrap>, <date>, <dateRange>, <dateSet>, <placeEntry> and <descriptiveNote> elements. Individual relations include optional attributes related to the type of relation that is being described. These include:
<cpfRelation> — includes an attribute @cpfRelationType; values are identity, hierarchical, hierarchical-parent, hierarchical-child, temporal, temporal-earlier, temporal-later, family, associative.
<functionRelation> — includes an attribute @functionRelationType; values include controls, owns, performs.
<resourceRelation> — includes an attribute @resourceRelationType; values include creatorOf, subjectOf, other.
Other attributes available for the relation elements include @lastDateTimeVerified, and the suite of simple Xlink attributes.
There are two principal rationales behind the primitive or basic typing of relations. First, there is general interest in enabling coherent expression and navigation of relations as well as creation of graphic displays of organizational charts, family trees, and time lines. The primitives are an experimental attempt to provide the data necessary to construct such displays. At this point, there has been no attempt to test the utility of the structures with graphic displays. Second, basic information about the nature of relations is necessary in order to make the relationship intelligible to users. Given cultural and institutional differences, the number of possible relation types is, in principle, unlimited. EAC-CPF designers decided, though, that to achieve a minimum level of functionality there needed to be consensus on a set of basic or primitive relation types.
xlink  [toc]
The EAC-CPF schema includes support for linking to external resources using a limited subset of the xlink standard, which is defined at http://www.w3.org/TR/xlink/. The xlink attributes can be used to create and describe links between resources. In particular they can be used to reference a richer set of relationships than those which are supported by @cpfRelationType, @functionRelationType, and @resourceRelationtype. The xlink attributes are available on the following elements: <citation>, <cpfRelation>, <functionRelation>, <resourceRelation>, <setComponent>, and <source>.
A more complete description of each these attributes is provided in the attributes section of the tag library, but the following information is intended to summarize how they might be used in conjunction with each other.
Xlink Type Attribute
@xlink:type — This attribute is required if any of the other xlink attributes are used on the parent element. It takes the fixed value of 'simple' since EAC-CPF's implementation of xlink only supports outbound links to one resource. If multiple outbound links are required, each link should be represented in a new parent element.
Locator Attribute
@xlink:href — This optional element may be used to provide the location of the resource that is being linked to. The link must be a valid URI.
Semantic Attributes
@xlink:arcrole — This optional element may be used on <cpfRelation>, <functionRelation>, and <resourceRelation> to provide a precise description of the relationship between the entity described in the EAC-CPF resource and the resource to which it is linked. When used on <citation>, <setComponent>, and<source>, it provides an explicit and perhaps more precise description of the relationship that is implied by the context of use. The value must be a valid URI.
@xlink:role — This optional element is used to provide a reference to the nature of the linked remote resource. It specifically provides a means to specify the nature of a linked resource in <resourceRelation>, as described in ISAAR (CPF) 6.2. The value provided must be a valid URI.
Link Behavior Attributes
@xlink:actuate — This optional attributed may be used in conjunction with xlink: show to instruct an external application as to the circumstances under which the linked resource should be resolved. For example, an application can be instructed to load the resource when the parent xml document is loaded or only when the page is requested by a user or application.
@xlink:show — This optional attribute may be used in conjunction with xlink:actuate to instruct an external application as to the manner in which the linked resource should be shown to the user when it is resolved. For example, the application can be instructed to replace the current xml document when loading the resource or to load it in a new window or tab.
@xlink:title — This optional element may be used to provide a caption or title that an external system or application may use when presenting a link to the user.
Mozilla-based browsers such as Firefox are the only common client application which include native support for a limited range of xlink attributes. As a result, implementers of EAC-CPF will need to provide for the full implementation of the xlink attributes using server-side instructions. One implementation example, demonstrating the intended effects of xlink usage, is provided at http://www.snee.com/xml/xlink/sxlinkdemo.xml.
The following excerpt provides one example of how xlink might be implemented in reference to an external vocabulary, to indicate that the information at the related URL describes the spouse of the person described in the EAC-CPF record:
<cpfRelation cpfRelationType="family" xlink:actuate="onRequest" xlink:arcrole="http://library.illinois.edu/archives/eac-cpfRelations.html#spouseOf" xlink:href="http://library.illinois.edu/archives/archon/index.php?p=creators/creator&id=546" xlink:show="new" xlink:type="simple">
<relationEntry>Gregory, John Milton</relationEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>John Milton Gregory was the husband of Louisa Allen Gregory.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</cpfRelation>
<resourceRelation resourceRelationType="creatorOf" xlink:role="http://library.illinois.edu/archives/eac-cpfRelations.html#collector" xlink:type="simple">
<relationEntry>Collezione Fortunato Depero (Polo culturale e Galleria Museum Depero, Roverto</relationEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>ITA MART, Collezione Depero, Collezione d'arte, 1919-1959, Creatore della collezione, </p>
</descriptiveNote>
</resourceRelation>
The vocabulary at purl.org which is referenced above is not intended to be normative and is provided for illustrative purposes only. Over time it is hoped that communities will develop and maintain controlled vocabularies to describe the nature of the relationships to the people, families, corporate bodies, resources, and functions that are described in the <cpfRelation>, <resourceRelation>, and <functionRelation> elements. Such vocabularies could be maintained locally, nationally, or even internationally, perhaps as a continuation of the work of the EAC working group.
@localType  [toc]
As an international effort, the designers of EAC-CPF are attempting to agree on as much as possible while accommodating cultural and institutional differences. The semantics and structure described above represents the current semantic and structural consensus and is tied closely to ISAAR(CPF).
In addition to the element <localDescription>, described above, many elements may also be qualified with @localType. This attribute is intended to enable EAC-CPF to be adapted for use in national, regional, and local environments where semantics more specific than those provided in EAC-CPF may be necessary, or where descriptive categories not specifically addressed in EAC-CPF are necessary.
Resources  [toc]
International Council on Archives. International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate bodies, Persons, and Families. 2nd Edition. 2003. http://www.icacds.org.uk/eng/ISAAR(CPF)2ed.pdf.
International Council on Archives. General International Standard Archival Description. 2nd Edition. 1999. http://www.ica.org/sites/default/files/isad_g_2e.pdf.

Elements
<abbreviation>
  Abbreviation  [toc]
Summary: The <abbreviation> element is used to provide authorized codes for the identification of thesauri, controlled vocabularies, and standards used in the construction of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
The <abbreviation> element is used to provide authorized codes for the identification of thesauri, controlled vocabularies, and standards used in the construction of the EAC-CPF instance. Values should be derived from an authorized list of codes. An example of such a list may be the MARC Code List (http://www.loc.gov/marc/relators/reladesc.html).
May contain:
[token]
May occur within:
conventionDeclaration, localTypeDeclaration
Attributes:
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<conventionDeclaration>
<abbreviation>RICA</abbreviation>
<citation>RICA (Regole italiane di catalogazione per autore)</citation>
</conventionDeclaration>
<abstract>
  Abstract  [toc]
Summary: An element that encodes a brief summary of the information contained within the <biogHist> as a whole.
Description
The <abstract> is a 1-2 sentence synopsis of the identity’s biography or history that is often extracted from the longer descriptions found in <biogHist>. Its purpose is to help readers quickly identify the entity described in the EAC-CPF instance. The content within this element may also be harvested by other systems to provide explanatory context for the <nameEntry> data when it appears in a set of search results.
May contain:
[text], span
May occur within:
biogHist
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0…1
Example:
<biogHist>
<abstract>Established in 1961, the United States Peace Corps administered and coordinated Federal international volunteer and related domestic volunteer programs in areas of agricultural assistance, community development, education, environmental protection, and nation assistance.</abstract>
<p>The Peace Corps was established as an operating agency in the Department of State Delegation of Authority 85-11, effective March 3, 1961, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 10924, March 1, 1961. It was recognized legislatively by the Peace Corps Act (75 Stat. 612), approved September 22, 1961. The Peace Corps was reassigned to the newly established ACTION by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971, effective July 1, 1971. It was made autonomous within ACTION by E.O. 12137, May 16, 1979, and was made an independent agency by Title VI of the International Security and Development Corporation Act of 1981 (95 Stat. 1540), February 21, 1982. The Peace Corps administered and coordinated Federal international volunteer and related domestic volunteer programs including the areas of agricultural assistance, community development, education, environmental protection, and nation assistance.</p>
</biogHist>
<address>
  Address  [toc]
Summary: A postal or other address.
Description
<address> is a wrapper element within <place>. It contains one or more <addressLine> elements that together comprise full or sufficient information identifying a postal or other address related to the entity being described.
May contain:
addressLine
May occur within:
place
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<place>
<placeRole>siege social</placeRole>
<address>
<addressLine localType="voie">2 rue Corneille</addressLine>
<addressLine localType="city">Paris</addressLine>
<addressLine localType="postalcode">75006</addressLine>
<addressLine>France</addressLine>
</address>
</place>
<addressLine>
  Address Line  [toc]
Summary: One line of a postal or other address
Description
A required element in <address>, <addressLine> element is used to encode one line of a postal or other address. <addressLine> may be repeated as many times as necessary to encompass all available lines of an address related to the entity being described.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
address
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF)
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<place>
<placeRole>siege social</placeRole>
<address>
<addressLine localType="voie">2 rue Corneille</addressLine>
<addressLine localType="city">Paris</addressLine>
<addressLine localType="postalcode">75006</addressLine>
<addressLine>France</addressLine>
</address>
</place>
<agencyCode>
  Agency Code  [toc]
Summary: The code that represents the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An element of <maintenanceAgency> within <control> providing a code representing the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance. The name of the agency is given in <agencyName>. The code is used in combination with the content of the required <recordId> to provide a globally unique identifier for the instance.
The format of the code is constrained to that of the International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations (ISIL: ISO 15511): a prefix, a dash, and an identifier. The code is alphanumeric (A-Z, 0-9, solidus, hyphen-minus, and colon only) with a maximum of 16 characters. If appropriate to local or national convention insert a valid ISIL for an institution, whether provided by a national authority (usually the national library) or a service (such as OCLC). If this is not the case then local institution codes may be given with the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code as the prefix to ensure international uniqueness in the <otherAgencyCode> element.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
maintenanceAgency
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.2
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<maintenanceAgency>
<agencyCode>AU-ANL:PEAU</agencyCode>
<agencyName>National Library of Australia</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<agencyName>
  Agency Name  [toc]
Summary: The name of the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A mandatory element of <maintenanceAgency> within <control> that provides the name of the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
It is recommended that one uses the form of the agency name that is authorized by an appropriate national or international agency or service.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
maintenanceAgency
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.2
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<maintenanceAgency>
<agencyCode>AU-ANL:PEAU</agencyCode>
<agencyName>National Library of Australia</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<agent>
  Agent  [toc]
Summary: The agent (human or machine) responsible for an event in the maintenance of the EAC instance.
Description
For each maintenance event described in a <maintenanceEvent> element, the name of the agent responsible for the maintenance event must be given. This might be a person or institution in which case the <agentType> should be set as "human," or the name of a system, in which case set the <agentType> to "machine."
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
maintenanceEvent
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.9
Occurrence:
1
Examples:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime>1993-10-20</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>McCarthy, G.J.</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>revised</eventType>
<eventDateTime>2006-08-01</eventDateTime>
<agentType>machine</agentType>
<agent>BSConverta</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
<agentType>
  Agent Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of agent responsible for a maintenance event of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
For each maintenance event described in a <maintenanceEvent> element, the type of agent given in the <agent> element must be given as either "human" or "machine."
May contain:
"human" or "machine"
May occur within:
maintenanceEvent
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.9
Occurrence:
1
Examples:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime>1993-10-20</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>McCarthy, G.J.</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>revised</eventType>
<eventDateTime>2006-08-01</eventDateTime>
<agentType>machine</agentType>
<agent>BSConverta</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
<alternativeForm>
  Alternative Form  [toc]
Summary: Qualifies the name contained in <nameEntry> or set of names contained in <nameEntryParallel> as alternative or variant forms.
Description
The name of an EAC-CPF entity, as formed within the <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> elements, may be the authorized form of the name according to a particular set of rules or conventions, or it may be an alternative or unauthorized form according to a different set of rules. This optional element provides the opportunity to indicate one or more sets of rules or conventions under which the form of the name expressed in <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> would be regarded as an alternative or unauthorized form.
The eac-cpf schema offers two possibilities:
1. <alternativeForm> is used within <nameEntry> only when <nameEntry> is not included within <nameEntryParallel>. In this case, it qualifies the form of the name recorded within the precise <nameEntry> element as a variant access point, as compared to other <nameEntry> elements which are deemed as authorized ones.
2. <alternativeForm> may be used within <nameEntryParallel> to indicate that the set of parallel names recorded in separate <nameEntry> elements within <nameEntryParallel> are deemed as variant access points.
The content of the element is an abbreviation selected from a constrained set of values, each of which represents a set of national, international or other rules that govern the construction of EAC-CPF names in those environments. The abbreviations expressed in <alternativeForm> must be declared within the <conventionDeclaration> element in <control>.
The parallel element <authorizedForm> permits one to indicate rules or conventions according to which the name is the authorized form. The element <preferredForm> permits one to indicate that the name as expressed is the preferred form in the encoder's local context, regardless of its authorized status in any other name authority environment.
<alternativeForm> may be repeated in case a single or a set of <nameEntry> element(s) may conform to more than one rule.
May contain:
NMTOKEN
May occur within:
nameEntry, nameEntryParallel
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.5
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob, 1886-1959</part>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>ncafnor</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Robert Carlton (1886-1959)</part>
<authorizedForm>ncafnor</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>AACR2</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<alternativeSet>
  Alternative Set  [toc]
Summary: A container element for two or more authority records derived from two or more authority systems, expressed within a single EAC-CPF instance.
Description
Alternative Set is a container element for two or more authority records derived from two or more authority systems. Alternative authority records are contained with <alternativeSet> in <setComponent> elements. This device allows different descriptions of the same entity to be contained within a single EAC-CPF instance.
Authority record aggregation may be used in cooperative or consortial contexts that gather together records describing the same entity in different languages, or from different rules when it is desirable to provide users with alternative descriptions of the same entity. For example, in the context of the European Union, an international cooperative project may want to provide users the option of descriptions in Italian, French, German, English, Spanish, and in other European languages.
<alternativeSet> should not be confused with <sources>, wherein authority records referenced are not intended to be displayed as alternative versions.
May contain:
setComponent
May occur within:
cpfDescription
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<alternativeSet>
<setComponent xlink:href="http://authorities.loc.gov/" xlink:type="simple">
<componentEntry>Bright Sparcs Record</componentEntry>
</setComponent>
<setComponent xlink:href="http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35335937" xlink:type="simple">
<componentEntry>NLA record.</componentEntry>
</setComponent>
<setComponent lastDateTimeVerified="2009-08-02" xlink:href="mawsonBS.xml" xlink:type="simple">
<objectXMLWrap></objectXMLWrap>
</setComponent>
</alternativeSet>
<authorizedForm>
  Authorized Form  [toc]
Summary: Qualifies the name contained in <nameEntry> or the set of names contained in <nameEntryParallel> as authorized access points.
Description
The name of an EAC-CPF entity, as formed within the <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> elements, may be the authorized form of the name according to a particular set of rules or conventions, or it may be an alternative or unauthorized form according to a different set of rules. This optional element provides the opportunity to indicate one or more sets of rules or conventions under which the form of the name expressed in <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> would be regard as an authorized form.
The eac-cpf schema offers two possibilities:
1. <authorizedForm> is used within <nameEntry> only when <nameEntry> is not included within <nameEntryParallel>. In this case, it qualifies the form of the name recorded within the precise <nameEntry> element as an authorized access point.
2. <authorizedForm> may be used within <nameEntryParallel> to indicate that the set of parallel names recorded in separate <nameEntry> elements within <nameEntryParallel> are deemed as authorized access points.
The content of the element is an abbreviation selected from a constrained set of values, each of which represents a set of national, international or other rules that govern the construction of EAC-CPF names in those environments. The abbreviations expressed in <authorizedForm> must be declared within the <conventionDeclaration> element in <control>.
The parallel element <alternativeForm> permits one to indicate rules or conventions according to which the name is the authorized form. The element <preferredForm> permits one to indicate that the name as expressed is the preferred form in the encoder's local context, regardless of its authorized status in any other name authority environment.
<authorizedForm> may be repeated in case a single or a set of <nameEntry> element(s) may conform to more than one rule.
May contain:
NMTOKEN
May occur within:
nameEntry, nameEntryParallel
Attributes:
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob, 1886-1959</part>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>ncafnor</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Robert Carlton (1886-1959)</part>
<authorizedForm>ncafnor</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>AACR2</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<biogHist>
  Biographical or Historical Note  [toc]
Summary: A concise essay and/or chronology that provides biographical or historical information about the EAC-CPF entity.
Description
The <biogHist> includes significant details about the life of an individual or family, or the administrative history of a corporate body. The <biogHist> may contain just text in a series of Paragraphs <p>, and/or a Chronology List <chronList> that matches dates and date ranges with associated events and/or places. The <abstract> element is intended to provide a very brief synopsis of the full <biogHist> content that could be extracted for inclusion in a remote source, such as a MARC record.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the biography or history being described. A simpler discursive expression of the information may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
abstract, chronList, citation, list, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR 5.2.2
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<biogHist>
<abstract>Established in 1961, the United States Peace Corps administered and coordinated Federal international volunteer and related domestic volunteer programs in areas of agricultural assistance, community development, education, environmental protection, and nation assistance.</abstract>
<p>The Peace Corps was established as an operating agency in the Department of State Delegation of Authority 85-11, effective March 3, 1961, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 10924, March 1, 1961. It was recognized legislatively by the Peace Corps Act (75 Stat. 612), approved September 22, 1961. The Peace Corps was reassigned to the newly established ACTION by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971, effective July 1, 1971. It was made autonomous within ACTION by E.O. 12137, May 16, 1979, and was made an independent agency by Title VI of the International Security and Development Corporation Act of 1981 (95 Stat. 1540), February 21, 1982. The Peace Corps administered and coordinated Federal international volunteer and related domestic volunteer programs including the areas of agricultural assistance, community development, education, environmental protection, and nation assistance.</p>
</biogHist>
<biogHist>
<p>Ilma Mary Brewer, nee Pidgeon, was Lecturer in Botany/Biology, University of Sydney 1963-70 and Senior Lecturer in Biological Sciences 1970-78. She developed new methods of teaching based on the recognition that a student learnt more by working at his/her own place and instruction him/her self. Her findings were published as a book, "Learning More and Teaching Less."</p>
<chronList>
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1936">1936</date>
<event>Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Sydney</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1937">1937</date>
<event>Master of Science (MSc) completed at the University of Sydney</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1937">1937</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1941">1941</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Linnean Macleay Fellow</event>
</chronItem>
</chronList>
</biogHist>
<chronItem>
  Chronological Item  [toc]
Summary: A container element that keeps a date or a date range paired with an associated event and an optional place within a Chronology List <chronList>.
Description
Each <chronItem> contains a <date> (a single date) or a <dateRange> (an inclusive date span) coupled with an <event>. A <placeEntry> element is optionally available to ground the event in a particular location.
May contain:
date, dateRange, event, placeEntry
May occur within:
chronList
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.2
Occurrence:
1...∞
Examples:
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1957">1957</date>
<event>Left Mer and moved to the mainland. Worked at various jobs including canecutter and railway labourer.</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1960">1960</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1961">1961</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Union representative, Townsville-Mount Isa rail construction project.</event>
</chronItem>
<chronList>
  Chronological List  [toc]
Summary: A structured chronological list of events, dates, and (optionally) places that may be used within the <biogHist> element.
Description
Chronology list comprises a sequentially structured list of significant events in the life of the person or during the existence of the family or corporate body described in the EAC-CPF instance. Such events are associated with the date of occurrence and optionally with the name of a place. Each <chronList> contains a series of <chronItem> elements, each associating a <date> or <dateRange> with an <event> and an optional <placeEntry>.
May contain:
chronItem
May occur within:
biogHist
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.2
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<chronList>
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1936">1936</date>
<event>Bachelor of Science (BSc) completed at the University of Sydney</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1937">1937</date>
<event>Master of Science (MSc) completed at the University of Sydney</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1937">1937</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1941">1941</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Linnean Macleay Fellow</event>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1939">c. 1939</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1945">c. 1945</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Worked with Army Intelligence to map the vegetation (trees and undergrowth) in the coastal regions of New South Wales</event>
</chronItem>
</chronList>
<citation>
  Citation  [toc]
Summary: A linking element that cites an external resource.
Description
<citation> is a generic linking element that cites an external resource in machine and / or human readable form, which is available within a number of descriptive elements. The purpose of the <citation> element is to point to a resource that provides descriptive data which is not otherwise given in the EAC-CPF instance, such as an original document that sets out the mandate for a corporate body; it should not be confused with the <source> element which is used to declare a particular resource used in the composition of the EAC-CPF instance. In most contexts it is optional, but a <citation> element must be given within <conventionDeclaration> and <localTypeDeclaration> elements in <control>. Provide the formal title or name of the resource, using the <span> element to indicate any formatting (such as italic or bold etc) thought necessary. The user experience can be controlled by use of the available XML linking Language (Xlink) attributes for which consult the specification at http://www.w3.org/TR/xlink/.
May contain:
[text], span
May occur within:
biogHist, conventionDeclaration, function, legalStatus, localDescription, localTypeDeclaration, mandate, occupation, place
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞ or 1...∞
Examples:
<conventionDeclaration>
<abbreviation>AFNOR</abbreviation>
<citation>Indexation conforme à la norme AFNOR NF Z44-060 (decembre 1996) Documentation - Catalogue d'auteurs et d'anonymes-formes et structures des vedettes de collectivites - auteurs</citation>
</conventionDeclaration>
<conventionDeclaration>
<abbreviation>USNARA-LDRG</abbreviation>
<citation>U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Lifecycle Data Requirements Guide (for creating the authorized form of the name).</citation>
</conventionDeclaration>
<mandate>
<citation>FR ANOM COL C11D 1 Fo 179-179vo : concession de peche en Acadie par le Roi à Bergier, Gaultier, Boucher et autres date du 3 mars 1684.</citation>
</mandate>
<componentEntry>
  Component Entry  [toc]
Summary: A caption that can be used to provide identification and access to a linked resource.
Description
A <componentEntry> always occurs within <setComponent> to provide a textual note about the EAC-CPF instance that is being bundled together with other authority records for the same entity within an <alternativeSet> wrapper. The bundled alternate records for a given EAC-CPF entity may be in different languages or may come from different authority systems. The bundling allows them to be transmitted or stored together. The <componentEntry> element provides a place where a particular alternate record can be described or explained in relation to the other authority records.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
setComponent
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<alternativeSet>
<setComponent xlink:href="http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35335937" xlink:type="simple">
<componentEntry>Bright Sparcs Record</componentEntry>
</setComponent>
<setComponent lastDateTimeVerified="2009-08-02" xlink:href="mawsonBS.xml" xlink:type="simple">
<objectXMLWrap>
<eac-cpf> [...] </eac-cpf>
</objectXMLWrap>
</setComponent>
</alternativeSet>
<control>
  Control  [toc]
Summary: The area of the instance that contains control information about its identity, creation, maintenance, status, and the rules and authorities used in the composition of the description.
Description
This required wrapper element within <eac-cpf> contains the information necessary to control the instance. This includes information about its identity, creation, maintenance, and status as well the languages, rules and authorities used in the composition of the description.
It must contain a unique identifier for the instance within the <recordId> element and other associated identifiers may be given in <otherRecordId>. There must be a description of the agency responsible for its creation and maintenance in <maintenanceAgency> as well as statements about its current drafting status in <maintenanceStatus> and the creation, maintenance, and disposition of the instance in <maintenanceHistory>.
Three elements are available to declare languages, rules and conventions used in the EAC-CPF instance. The <languageDeclaration> element provides information on the language and script used in the description. The <conventionDeclaration> element provides information on the authorities or controlled vocabularies used in the instance. <localTypeDeclaration> is used to declare the local conventions and controlled vocabularies used within the @localType in the instance.
Other optional elements available in <control> include a <sources> element to provide information about the documentary sources used in the composition of the description and a <publicationStatus> element to indicate the editorial status of the eac-cpf instance.
Other control elements considered necessary but not otherwise included may be given in <localControl> element.
May contain:
conventionDeclaration, languageDeclaration, localControl, localTypeDeclaration, maintenanceAgency, maintenanceHistory, maintenanceStatus, otherRecordId, publicationStatus, recordId, sources
May occur within:
eac-cpf
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<control>
<recordId>nla.party-521122</recordId>
<maintenanceStatus>revised</maintenanceStatus>
<publicationStatus>approved</publicationStatus>
<maintenanceAgency>
<agencyCode>AU-ANL:PEAU</agencyCode>
<agencyName>National Library of Australia</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<languageDeclaration>
<language languageCode="eng"></language>
<script scriptCode="Latn"></script>
</languageDeclaration>
<conventionDeclaration>
<abbreviation>AACR2</abbreviation>
<citation>Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, Revised</citation>
</conventionDeclaration>
<maintenanceHistory>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-06-26T05:33:41Z">2009-06-26T05:33:41Z</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>bdewhurs</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
</maintenanceHistory>
<sources>
<source xlink:href="http://www.icacds.org.uk/eng/ISAAAR(CPF)2ed.pdf" xlink:type="simple">
<sourceEntry>ISAAR(CPF)</sourceEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Record created based on ISAAR(CPF) 2nd ed Example 5 - Person description</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</source>
</sources>
</control>
<conventionDeclaration>
  Convention Declaration  [toc]
Summary: A declaration of the rules or conventions, including authorized controlled vocabularies and thesauri, applied in creating the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An optional element of <control> for declaring references in the <citation> element to any rules and conventions, including authorized controlled vocabularies or thesauri, applied in the construction of the description. For example, <conventionDeclaration> should be used to identify any controlled vocabularies appearing in the @vocabularySource attribute for <term>, <placeEntry>, and <placeRole> elements. Any notes relating to how these rules or conventions have been used may be given within a <descriptiveNote> element. The <abbreviation> element may be used to identify the standard or controlled vocabulary in a coded structure.
May contain:
abbreviation, citation, descriptiveNote
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<conventionDeclaration>
<abbreviation>AFNOR</abbreviation>
<citation>AFNOR NFZ 44-060 (decembre 1986)</citation>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Indexation conforme à la norme AFNOR NFZ 44-060 (decembre 1986) Catalogage : forme et structure des vedettes de collectivites-auteurs Notice encodee conformement à la norme internationale de description archivistique contextuelle informatisee EAC 2004</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</conventionDeclaration>
<conventionDeclaration>
<citation>ISO 8601 - Data elements and interchange formats - Information interchange - Representation of dates and times, 2nd ed., Geneva: International Standards Organization, 2000</citation>
</conventionDeclaration>
<cpfDescription>
  Corporate Body, Person, or Family Description  [toc]
Summary: The broad area of the instance that describes the identity and context of the entity being described.
Description
This required wrapper element, which contains the bulk of the EAC-CPF instance, describes the identity and context of the entity being described. The <cpfDescription> includes a required <identity> element containing authorized and parallel name forms and optional <description> and <relations> sections to provide contextual information for the entity being described.
An optional <alternativeSet> element allows the incorporation of two or more authority records derived from two or more authority systems. The @xml:id attribute allows individual <cpfDescription> elements to be individually identified when using the <multipleIdentities> structure.
May contain:
alternativeSet, description, identity, relations
May occur within:
eac-cpf, multipleIdentities
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1, 5.2, 5.3
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<cpfDescription>
<identity>[...] </identity>
<description>[...] </description>
<relations>[...]</relations>
</cpfDescription>
<cpfRelation>
  Corporate Body, Person, or Family Relation  [toc]
Summary: A corporate body, person, or family related to the described entity.
Description
The <cpfRelation> element contains the description of a corporate body, person, or family related to the described entity. Such related entities are typically described in another EAC-CPF instance or other encoding language such as MARC. Use the <objectXMLWrap> to incorporate XML elements from any XML namespace or <objectBinWrap> for base64-encoded binary data. A <relationEntry> element is provided for textual identification of the related entity.
Use the <date>, <dateRange>, or <dateSet> elements for specifying the time period during which the relationship applied and the <placeEntry> element for recording relevant locative information. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included for a more detailed specification or explanation of the relationship.
The @cpfRelationType attribute may be used to specify the nature of the <cpfRelation> entity’s relationship to the entity described in the <eac-cpf> instance. Values are chosen from a closed list.
May contain:
date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, objectBinWrap, objectXMLWrap, placeEntry, relationEntry
May occur within:
relations
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<cpfRelation cpfRelationType="hierarchical-parent" xlink:href="FRDAFANCH00MC_NAETUDE_110" xlink:type="simple">
<relationEntry>Etude notariale CX</relationEntry>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1609-07-04">4 juillet 1609</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1640-07-07">7 juillet 1640</toDate>
</dateRange>
</cpfRelation>
<date>
  Date  [toc]
Summary: The single date of an event in the history of, or a relationship with, the person, family, or corporate body being described in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A generic element expressing the single date of an event in the history of, or a relationship with, the person, family, or corporate body being described in the EAC-CPF instance. If the event or relationship has inclusive dates use the <dateRange> element, while more complex dates (combining singles dates and date ranges) can be expressed in <dateSet>.
The content of the element is intended to be a human-readable natural language date with a machine-readable date provided as the value of the @standardDate attribute, formulated according to ISO 8601. Other attributes include @notBefore and @notAfter for dates of uncertainty. The @localType attribute can be used to supply a more specific characterization of the date.
Dates of existence for the entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance are encoded with the <existDates> element, while the dates of use of a particular name of an entity are encoded in <useDates>. The date and time of a maintenance event in the history of the EAC-CPF instance are given in the <eventDateTime> element.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
chronItem, cpfRelation, dateSet, existDates, function, functionRelation, legalStatus, localControl, localDescription, mandate, occupation, place, resourceRelation, useDates
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<date standardDate="1765-09-18">September 18, 1765</date>
<dateRange>
  Date Range  [toc]
Summary: The date range of an event in the history of, or a relationship with, the person, family, or corporate body being described in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A generic element that expresses inclusive dates of an event in the history of, or a relationship with, the person, family, or corporate body being described in the EAC-CPF instance. <dateRange> contains mandatory <fromDate> and <toDate> child elements. If the event or relationship has a single date use the <date> element, while more complex dates (combining single dates and date ranges) can be expressed in <dateSet>.
The @localType attribute can be used to supply a more specific characterization of the date.
Dates of existence for the identity being described in the EAC-CPF instance are encoded with the <existDates> element, while the dates of use of a particular name of an identity are encoded in <useDates>. The date and time of a maintenance event in the history of the EAC-CPF instance are given in the <eventDateTime> element.
May contain:
fromDate, toDate
May occur within:
chronItem, cpfRelation, dateSet, existDates, function, functionRelation, legalStatus, localControl, localDescription, mandate, occupation, place, resourceRelation, useDates
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1765-09-18">September 18, 1765</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1846-06-01">June 1, 1846</toDate>
</dateRange>
<dateSet>
  Date Set  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element that facilitates complex date expressions by being able to combine a set comprising single dates and date ranges, multiple single dates, or multiple date ranges.
Description
A grouping element to combine single dates and date ranges, multiple single dates, or multiple date ranges. The <dateSet> element is used in situations where complex date information needs to be conveyed and requires at least two child elements. These can be a combination of <date> and <dateRange> elements.
May contain:
date, dateRange
May occur within:
cpfRelation, existDates, function, functionRelation, legalStatus, localDescription, mandate, occupation, place, resourceRelation, useDates
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<dateSet>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1928-09">1928 settembre</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1930-08">1930 autunno</toDate>
</dateRange>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1947">1947</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1949">1949</toDate>
</dateRange>
</dateSet>
<description>
  Description  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper for all of the content elements comprising description (as specified in the ISAAR (CPF) Description Area) of the entity described in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
The elements that constitute <description> together permit descriptive information to be encoded in either structured or unstructured fashions, or in a combined approach. <description> accommodates encoding all of the data elements that comprise the Description Area of ISAAR (CPF) including historical, biographical, and genealogical information; legal status and mandates; functions, occupations, and activities, and the dates and places that further constrain those elements.
May contain:
biogHist, existDates, function, functions, generalContext, languageUsed, languagesUsed, legalStatus, legalStatuses, localDescription, localDescriptions, mandate, mandates, occupation, occupations, place, places, structureOrGenealogy
May occur within:
cpfDescription
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<description>
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1765-09-18">September 18, 1765</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1846-06-01">June 1, 1846</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<place>
<placeEntry altitude="389" latitude="46.140833" longitude="12.215556">Belluno</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Birthplace</placeRole>
<date standardDate="1765-09-18">September 18, 1765</date>
</place>
<biogHist>
<p>Cappellari was born at Belluno on 18 September 1765 to a noble family. At an early age he joined the order of the Camaldolese (part of the Benedictine monastic family) and entered the Monastery of San Michele di Murano, near Venice. As a Camaldolese monk, Cappellari rapidly gained distinction for his theological and linguistic skills. His first appearance before a wider public was in 1799, when he published against the Italian Jansenists a controversial work entitled
<span localType="title" style="font-style:italic">II Trionfo della Santa Sede</span>
, which besides passing through several editions in Italy, has been translated into several European languages. In 1800, he became a member of the Academy of the Catholic Religion, founded by Pope Pius VII (1800-1823), to which he contributed a number of memoirs on theological and philosophical questions, and in 1805 was made abbot of San Gregorio on the Caelian Hill.</p>
</biogHist>
</description>
<descriptiveNote>
  Descriptive Note  [toc]
Summary: A generic element that provides additional information and specifications, in textual form, concerning the descriptive element in which it is contained.
Description
A generic element available in a number of descriptive elements which can be used to provide any additional descriptive notes that might be appropriate. Notes must be contained in paragraphs (<p>) and any necessary formatting may be indicated by use of the <span> element within <p>.
May contain:
p
May occur within:
conventionDeclaration, cpfRelation, existDates, function, functionRelation, functions, identity, languageDeclaration, languageUsed, languagesUsed, legalStatus, legalStatuses, localDescription, localDescriptions, localTypeDeclaration, maintenanceAgency, mandate, mandates, occupation, occupations, place, places, resourceRelation, setComponent, source
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<source xlink:href="http://www.icacds.org.uk/eng/ISAAAR(CPF)2ed.pdf" xlink:type="simple">
<sourceEntry>ISAAAR(CPF)</sourceEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Record created based on ISAAR(CPF) 2nd ed Example 5 - Person description</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</source>
<eac-cpf>
  Encoded Archival Context - Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families  [toc]
Summary: The <eac-cpf> element defines a particular instance of a document encoded with the EAC-CPF XML Schema. It contains a required <control> and either a <cpfDescription> or a <multipleIdentities> element.
Description
The outermost wrapper element that defines a particular instance of an archival authority record encoded with the EAC-CPF XML Schema. It contains a required <control> and either a <cpfDescription> or a <multipleIndentities> element.
May contain:
control, cpfDescription, multipleIdentities
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1
Examples:
<eac-cpf>
<control>[...]</control>
<cpfDescription>[...]</cpfDescription>
</eac-cpf>
<eac-cpf>
<control>[...]</control>
<multipleIdentities>
<cpfDescription>[...]</cpfDescription>
<cpfDescription>[...]</cpfDescription>
</multipleIdentities>
</eac-cpf>
<entityId>
  Entity Identifier  [toc]
Summary: Any formal identifier used to designate the entity being described.
Description
An optional element of <identity> which may be used to record any identifier associated with the entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance. Identifiers such as legal identifiers, typically assigned by an authoritative agency, may be recorded in this element.
Do not confuse with <recordId> within <control>, which refers to an identifier for the EAC-CPF instance rather than the entity it describes.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
identity
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.6
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<identity>
<entityId>CLU-SC-000008</entityId>
<entityType>person</entityType>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob, 1886-1959</part>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>ncafnor</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Robert Carlton (1886-1959)</part>
<authorizedForm>ncafnor</authorizedForm>
<alternativeForm>AACR2</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
</identity>
<entityType>
  Entity Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of entity being described. Values available are: person, corporateBody, or family.
Description
Within <identity> this mandatory element specifies the type of entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance. Values available are: person, corporateBody, or family.
May contain:
"person" or "corporateBody" or "family"
May occur within:
identity
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.1
Occurrence:
1
Examples:
<entityType>corporateBody</entityType>
<entityType>person</entityType>
<entityType>family</entityType>
<event>
  Event  [toc]
Summary: An element used to encode an event associated with a date and, optionally, a place within a structured chronology.
Description
The element contains discursive text identifying the event described by the <chronItem>. Every <event> must have an associated <date> element, and it may also have an optional <placeEntry> element, all wrapped within a <chronItem> describing the event in a chronology.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
chronItem
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<chronList>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1944">1944</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1947">1947</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Summer employment at Minnesota Valley Canning Co.</event>
<placeEntry>Blue Earth (Minn.)</placeEntry>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1946">1946</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1948">1948</toDate>
</dateRange>
<event>Macalester College</event>
<placeEntry>St. Paul (Minn.)</placeEntry>
</chronItem>
<chronItem>
<date standardDate="1948">1948</date>
<event>Campaign Manager, 2nd District, State Democratic-Farmer-Labor Central Committee. Report to Orville Freeman.</event>
</chronItem>
</chronList>
<eventDateTime>
  Maintenance Event Date and Time  [toc]
Summary: The date and time of a maintenance event for the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A required element within the <maintenanceEvent>, <eventDateTime> gives the date and time of a maintenance event for the EAC-CPF instance. The date and time may be recorded manually or machine generated in natural language as well as in machine-readable format by use of the @standardDateTime attribute.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
maintenanceEvent
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.6
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-11-30"></eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Bill Stockting</agent>
<eventDescription>Created from original in ISAAR (CPF), 2nd edition: example 10</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<eventDescription>
  Maintenance Event Description  [toc]
Summary: The description of a maintenance event in the life of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An element within the <maintenanceEvent> element for describing the maintenance event. The element allows a full description of the maintenance event to be given alongside the basic definition of the event in the <eventType> element.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
maintenanceEvent
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.9
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-11-30"></eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Bill Stockting</agent>
<eventDescription>Created from original in ISAAR (CPF), 2nd edition: example 10</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>
  Maintenance Event Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of maintenance event for the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A required element within <maintenanceEvent> that identifies the type of event. The available values are: "created", "revised", "updated", "deleted", "derived", or "cancelled". A fuller discursive description of the event may be given in the optional <eventDescription> element.
On first creation, the event type would be "created". A "derived" event type is available to indicate that the record was derived from another descriptive system. If revisions are made to an existing EAC-CPF instance, the event type would be "revised". Updating a record, as a specific type of revision, may be indicated with the value "updated". Because it is important to be clear what has happened to records particularly when sharing and making links between them, other event types include "deleted" for records that are deleted from a system or "cancelled" for records that are marked as not current (obsolete or rejected) but kept for reference.
May contain:
"cancelled" or "created" or "deleted" or "derived" or "revised" or "updated"
May occur within:
maintenanceEvent
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.9
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-11-30"></eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Bill Stockting</agent>
<eventDescription>Created from original in ISAAR (CPF), 2nd edition: example 10</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<existDates>
  Dates of Existence  [toc]
Summary: The dates of existence of the entity being described, such as dates of establishment and dissolution for corporate bodies and dates of birth and death or flourit for persons.
Description
The dates of existence of the entity being described, such as dates of establishment and dissolution for corporate bodies and dates of birth and death or flourit for persons. <existDates> may contain actual or approximate dates expressed through its elements <date>, <dateRange>, or <dateSet>. A <descriptiveNote> may be included if a fuller explanation of the dates of existence is needed.
Use the <date> element to record the date of a single event, such as a date of birth or date of incorporation. Use <dateRange> to encode a pair of inclusive dates. Use <dateSet> to encode more complex date expressions that intermix <date> and <dateRange> elements.
Do not confuse with <useDates>, which is a child element of <nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> and represents the dates of use for a particular name or set of names.
May contain:
date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.1
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1868">1868</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936">1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<fromDate>
  From Date  [toc]
Summary: The beginning date in a date range.
Description
The beginning date in a date range, <fromDate> may contain actual or approximate dates expressed as a month, day, or year in any format. A standard numerical form of the date (YYYYMMDD, etc.) may be specified with the @standardDate attribute. The @notBefore and @notAfter attributes may be used to indicate uncertainty.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
dateRange
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1868">1868</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936">1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<function>
  Function  [toc]
Summary: An element that provides information about a function, activity, role, or purpose performed or manifested by the entity being described.
Description
A <function> element is a wrapper element used to encode an index term, using the child element <term>. Terms are used to identify the functions, processes, activities, tasks, or transactions performed by the EAC-CPF entity. They may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms. Associated date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) and place(s) (<placeEntry>) may be included to further constrain the term’s meaning. A <descriptiveNote> may be included if a fuller textual explanation is needed.
A single <function> element may be encoded directly within <description>. Alternatively, multiple <function> elements may be grouped within a <functions> wrapper that facilitates manipulating them as a group.
Functions may alternatively be described in discursive form in <biogHist> (ISAAR (CPF) History 5.2.2). The <function> element should be used whenever separate semantic processing of information about functions is required.
As a further alternative, descriptions of functions may form discrete components in an archival descriptive system. Such descriptions should be compiled in accordance with the International Standard for Describing Functions (ISDF) and will typically be described in another encoding language. In such a system, use <functionRelation> to point from the EAC-CPF entity to the related function description. In these systems, the <function> element will probably become redundant.
May contain:
citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, term
May occur within:
description, functions
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.5
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<function>
<term>Estate ownership</term>
<descriptiveNote>Social, political, and cultural role typical of landed aristocracy in England. The first Viscount Campden amassed a large fortune in trade in London and purchased extensive estates, including Exton (Rutland), and Chipping Campden (Gloucestershire). The Barham Court (Kent) estate was the acquisition of the first Baron Barham, a successful admiral and naval administrator (First Lord of the Admiralty 1805).</descriptiveNote>
</function>
<functionRelation>
  Function Relation  [toc]
Summary: A function related to the described entity.
Description
The <functionRelation> element contains the description of a function related to the described entity. Such related functions are typically described in another encoding language. Use <objectXMLWrap> to incorporate XML elements from any XML namespace or <objectBinWrap> for base64-encoded binary data. A <relationEntry> element is provided for textual identification of the related function.
Use the <date>, <dateRange>, or <dateSet> elements for specifying when the relation applied and the <placeEntry> element for relevant locative information. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included for a more detailed specification or explanation of the relationship.
The @functionRelationType attribute is used to specify the nature of the relationship that exists between the <function> and the <eac-cpf> entity. Values are chosen from a closed list.
May contain:
date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, objectBinWrap, objectXMLWrap, placeEntry, relationEntry
May occur within:
relations
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISDF Chapter 6
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<functionRelation functionRelationType="performs">
<relationEntry>Alumni communication management, University of Glasgow</relationEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>The management of the University's communication with its alumni.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</functionRelation>
<functions>
  Functions  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <function> elements.
Description
Use the optional <functions> element to group together one or more occurrences of <function> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <function> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <functions>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the functions, processes, activities, tasks, or transactions being described. A simpler discursive expression of the functions may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, descriptiveNote, function, list, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.5
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<functions>
<function>
<term>Indigenous land rights plaintiff</term>
</function>
<function>
<term>Indigenous arts administrator</term>
</function>
</functions>
<generalContext>
  General Context  [toc]
Summary: An element that encodes information about the general social and cultural context of the entity being described.
Description
The element <generalContext> may contain a <list>, <outline>, or <p> element to format information about the social, cultural, economic, political, and/or historical milieu in which the entity being described existed. The general context provides wide latitude to record contextual information not specifically accommodated by other <description> elements.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the general context being described. A simpler discursive expression of the general context may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, list, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.8
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<generalContext>
<p>Edward Koiko Mabo was born in 1936 on the island of Mer, one of the Murray Islands, which are located at the eastern extremity of Torres Strait. In June 1992, six months after his death, Mabo achieved national prominence as the successful principal plaintiff in the landmark High Court ruling on native land title. The High Court ruling, for the first time, gave legal recognition to the fact that indigenous land ownership existed in Australia before European settlement and that, in some cases, this land tenure was not subsequently extinguished by the Crown.</p>
</generalContext>
<identity>
  Identity  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element for the name portion of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
<identity> is a container element grouping all the necessary elements to the name identification of the EAC-CPF instance. Within this element the <entityType> element is required and specifies the type of entity being described (i.e., corporateBody, family, or person), and one or more <nameEntry> elements and / or one or more <nameEntryParallel> elements specifying names by which the entity is known. An optional <entityId> is available for any identifiers associated with the entity.
All the names by which the entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance is known are provided within this element. Within <identity>, the names of the entity, whether authorized or alternatives, should be recorded in a <nameEntry> element. If there is more than one name for the entity, each of them should be recorded in a separate <nameEntry> element.
In addition to needing to accommodate one or more names used for or by the entity, <identity> may accommodate two or more parallel names in different languages or scripts. In countries where there is more than one official language, such as Canada or Switzerland, names of entities are frequently provided in more than one language. Within <identity>, a <nameEntryParallel> element should be used to group two or more <nameEntry> elements that represent parallel forms of the name of the entity being described.
Within <identity>, a <descriptiveNote> element may be used to record other information in a textual form that assists in the identification of the entity.
May contain:
descriptiveNote, entityId, entityType, nameEntry, nameEntryParallel
May occur within:
cpfDescription
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<identity>
<entityId>CLU-SC-000008</entityId>
<entityType>person</entityType>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob</part>
<useDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1886">1886</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1959">1959</toDate>
</dateRange>
</useDates>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Robert Carlton</part>
<useDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1886">1886</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1959">1959</toDate>
</dateRange>
</useDates>
<alternativeForm>AACR2</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
</identity>
<item>
  Item  [toc]
Summary: A formatting element that encodes the individual entries comprising lists.
Description
The <item> element is used for general lists within descriptive elements and within levels in an outline. Do not confuse with <chronItem>, which encodes entries within a structured chronology, <chronList>.
May contain:
[text], span
May occur within:
level, list
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1...∞
Examples:
<list>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">1450-1950</span>
(1929)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Globe Gliding</span>
(1930)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Gems</span>
(1931) </item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Words</span>
(1931)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Demonics</span>
(1931)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Can We Co-operate</span>
(1942)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Amazing Amazon</span>
(1942) </item>
</list>
<outline>
<level>
<item>I.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>II.</item>
<level>
<item>A.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>B.</item>
<level>
<item>1.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>2.</item>
</level>
</level>
</level>
</outline>
<language>
  Language  [toc]
Summary: The specification of a particular language used in the EAC-CPF instance or in the creative work of the entity being described.
Description
A required element within <languageDeclaration> that gives the main language in which the EAC-CPF instance is written.
A required element within <languageUsed> that gives the language or languages used by the entity being described.
The content of the @languageCode attribute must be given in the form of valid code from ISO 639-2b.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
languageDeclaration, languageUsed
Attributes:
Required
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.7
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<languageDeclaration>
<language languageCode="eng">English</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageDeclaration>
<languageDeclaration>
  Language Declaration  [toc]
Summary: The declaration of the predominant language and script used in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A wrapper element within <control> that declares the primary language and script in which an EAC-CPF instance is written in the required <language> and <script> elements. Any comments about the languages and scripts in which the EAC-CPF instance is written may be included in the optional <descriptiveNote> element.
May contain:
descriptiveNote, language, script
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.7
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<languageDeclaration>
<language languageCode="eng">English</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageDeclaration>
<languageUsed>
  Language Used  [toc]
Summary: The language and script used by the entity being described.
Description
<languageUsed> is an element within <description> used to indicate the language and script in which the entity being described was creative or productive. A <language> element should be used to specify the language and a corresponding <script> element for the script.
Do not confuse with <languageDeclaration> which refers to the language and script of the EAC-CPF instance.
May contain:
descriptiveNote, language, script
May occur within:
description, languagesUsed
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<languageUsed>
<language languageCode="eng">English</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageUsed>
<languagesUsed>
  Languages Used  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <languageUsed> elements.
Description
Use the optional <languagesUsed> element to group together one or more occurrences of <languageUsed> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <languageUsed> may be alone or may be wrapped within <languagesUsed>.
May contain:
descriptiveNote, languageUsed
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<languagesUsed>
<languageUsed>
<language languageCode="eng">English</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageUsed>
<languageUsed>
<language languageCode="spa">Spanish</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageUsed>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Published works in English and Spanish.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</languagesUsed>
<legalStatus>
  Legal Status  [toc]
Summary: An element used to encode information about the legal status of a corporate body.
Description
A <legalStatus> element is a wrapper element used to encode an index term, using the child element <term>. The legal status of a corporate body is typically defined and granted by authorities or through authorized agencies. Enter terms in accordance with provisions of the controlling legislation. Terms may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms.
Associated date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) and place(s) (<placeEntry>) may be included to further constrain the term's meaning. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included if fuller textual explanation is needed.
A single <legalStatus> may be encoded directly within <description>. Alternatively, multiple <legalStatus> elements may be grouped within a <legalStatuses> wrapper that facilitates manipulating them as a group.
Legal statuses may alternatively be described in discursive form in the <biogHist> (ISAAR (CPF) History 5.2.2). The <legalStatus> element should be used whenever separate semantic processing of information about legal statuses is required.
May contain:
citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, term
May occur within:
description, legalStatuses
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.4
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<legalStatus>
<term>Department of State</term>
</legalStatus>
<legalStatus>
<term>Organismo de la Administracion Central del Estado</term>
<date standardDate="1769">1769</date>
</legalStatus>
<legalStatuses>
  Legal Statuses  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <legalStatus> elements.
Description
Use the optional <legalStatuses> to group together one or more occurrences of <legalStatus> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <legalStatus> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <legalStatuses>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the legal statuses being described. A simpler discursive expression of the legal statuses may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, descriptiveNote, legalStatus, list, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.4
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<legalStatuses>
<legalStatus>
<term>Private limited liability company</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1941">1941</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1948">1948</toDate>
</dateRange>
</legalStatus>
<legalStatus>
<term>Public limited liability company</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1948">1948</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="2006">2006</toDate>
</dateRange>
</legalStatus>
<legalStatus>
<term>Private limited liability company</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="2006">2006</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="2008">2008</toDate>
</dateRange>
</legalStatus>
</legalStatuses>
<legalStatuses>
<legalStatus>
<term>EPIC</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate notBefore="1946-04">avril 1946</fromDate>
<toDate notAfter="2004-11">novembre 2004</toDate>
</dateRange>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Établissement public à caractère industriel et commercial</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</legalStatus>
<legalStatus>
<term>SA</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate notBefore="2004-11">novembre 2004</fromDate>
<toDate></toDate>
</dateRange>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Société anonyme à capitaux publics</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</legalStatus>
</legalStatuses>
<level>
  Level  [toc]
Summary: A required element for <outline> which delineates the outline format.
Description
Within an <outline>, multiple <level> elements are used to indicate the hierarchical levels of information that comprise the outline. When more than one hierarchical level exists, successive <level> exists, successive <level> elements are nested recursively to identify the layers of content. Each <level>, in turn, contains one ore more <item> elements that convey the information content of the outline.
May contain:
item, level
May occur within:
level, outline
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<outline>
<level>
<item>I.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>II.</item>
<level>
<item>A.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>B.</item>
<level>
<item>1.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>2.</item>
</level>
</level>
</level>
</outline>
<list>
  List  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element to encode a simple list consisting of two or more <item> elements.
Description
The <list> element is used for general lists that can be embedded with a large number of descriptive elements. Lists are comprised of one or more <item> elements. Do not confuse with <chronList>, which encodes a structured chronology.
May contain:
item
May occur within:
biogHist, functions, generalContext, legalStatuses, localDescriptions, mandates, occupations, places, structureOrGenealogy
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<list>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">1450-1950</span>
(1929)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Globe Gliding</span>
(1930)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Gems</span>
(1931) </item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Words</span>
(1931)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Demonics</span>
(1931)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Can We Co-operate</span>
(1942)</item>
<item>
<span style="font-style:italic">Amazing Amazon</span>
(1942) </item>
</list>
<localControl>
  Local Control  [toc]
Summary: Any additional control entry necessary to accommodate local practice.
Description
An element used to record and define any control information necessary to accommodate local practice, in addition to the elements otherwise made available within <control>. The value of the entry may be given in a <term> element and an associated date can be given either as a single date (<date>) or a date range (<dateRange>).
The type of entry must be defined using the @localType attribute.
May contain:
date, dateRange, term
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Required
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<localControl localType="detailLevel">
<term>minimal</term>
</localControl>
<localDescription>
  Local Description  [toc]
Summary: A means, within description, to extend the descriptive categories available in a local system. Its meaning will depend on the context in which it occurs.
Description
<localDescription> provides a means to extend the list of description elements defined by ISAAR (CPF) and specified in the EAC-CPF schema. It should be used to record structured index terms rather than discursive text. It contains a child element <term>, which may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms. Associate date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) and place(s) (<placeEntry>) may be included to further constrain the term's meaning. A <descriptiveNote> may be included if a fuller textual explanation is needed.
The <localDescription> element should be used whenever separate semantic process of the descriptive information is required. The type of entry must be defined using the @localType attribute.
May contain:
citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, term
May occur within:
description, localDescriptions
Attributes:
Required
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<localDescription localType="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/nationalité">
<term vocabularySource="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/nationalité#French">French</term>
<placeEntry countryCode="FR" vocabularySource="http://....fr/registerOfFrenchPlaceNames#France">France</placeEntry>
</localDescription>
<localDescriptions>
  Local Descriptions  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <localDescription> elements.
Description
Use the optional <localDescriptions> element to group together one or more occurrences of <localDescription> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <localDescription> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <localDescriptions>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the information being described. A simpler discursive may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
The type of entry must be defined using the @localType attribute.
May contain:
citation, list, localDescription, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Required
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<localDescriptions>
<localDescription localType="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/nationalité">
<term vocabularySource="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/nationalité#French">French</term>
<placeEntry countryCode="FR" vocabularySource="http://....fr/registerOfFrenchPlaceNames#France">France</placeEntry>
</localDescription>
<localDescription localType="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/citoyenneté">
<term vocabularySource="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/citoyenneté#French">French</term>
<placeEntry countryCode="FR" vocabularySource="http://....fr/registerOfFrenchPlaceNames#France">France</placeEntry>
</localDescription>
<localDescription localType="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/citoyenneté">
<term vocabularySource="http://....fr/eac-cpf/localType/citoyenneté#Brazil">Brazil</term>
<placeEntry countryCode="BR" vocabularySource="http://....fr/registerOfFrenchPlaceNames#France">Brazil</placeEntry>
</localDescription>
</localDescriptions>
<localTypeDeclaration>
  Local Type Declaration  [toc]
Summary: <localTypeDeclaration> is used to declare any local conventions used in @localType in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
The <localTypeDeclaration> is available to declare the local conventions and controlled vocabularies used in @localType in the EAC-CPF instance. The <citation> element must be used to site the resource that lists the used values (semantic scope and intention). Any notes relating to how rules or conventions have been used may be given within a <descriptiveNote> element. The <abbreviation> element may be used to identify the standard or controlled vocabulary in a coded structure.
May contain:
abbreviation, citation, descriptiveNote
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<localTypeDeclaration>
<abbreviation>Categorycodes</abbreviation>
<citation xlink:href="http://nad.ra.se/static/termlistor/Kategorikoder.htm" xlink:type="simple">The categorycodes used in Swedish NAD (http://nad.ra.se). Used in element function</citation>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Codes for categorizing different types of authority records through organizational form, operation, function, archivalorganization etcetera. </p>
</descriptiveNote>
</localTypeDeclaration>
<maintenanceAgency>
  Maintenance Agency  [toc]
Summary: The institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A required element within <control> for wrapping information about the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenance, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
This must include the <agencyName> element and it is recommended to include the optional <agencyCode> and / or <otherAgencyCode> elements as well to unambiguously identify the institution or service. Additional local institutional codes are given in <otherAgencyCode>. Any general information about the institution in relation to the EAC-CPF instance may also be given in a <descriptiveNote> element.
May contain:
agencyCode, agencyName, descriptiveNote, otherAgencyCode
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.2
Occurrence:
1
Examples:
<maintenanceAgency>
<agencyCode>FR-DAF</agencyCode>
<agencyName>Archives nationales (Paris)</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<maintenanceAgency>
<otherAgencyCode>GB-058</otherAgencyCode>
<agencyName>The British Library: Manuscript Collections</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<maintenanceEvent>
  Maintenance Event  [toc]
Summary: A maintenance event in the life of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A wrapper element within <maintenanceHistory> to record information about particular maintenance events in the history of the EAC-CPF instance. There will always be at least one maintenance event for each instance, usually its creation, and each event must be defined in the <eventType> element. Information must also be given about who or what carried out, or was otherwise responsible for, the work on the EAC-CPF instance in the <agent> and <agentType> elements and when the event took place in the <eventDateTime> element. The event may also be described in the <eventDescription> element.
May contain:
agent, agentType, eventDateTime, eventDescription, eventType
May occur within:
maintenanceHistory
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.6 and 5.4.9
Occurrence:
1...∞
Examples:
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>derived</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-06-30T09:37:17.029-04:00"></eventDateTime>
<agentType>machine</agentType>
<agent>XSLT ead2cpf.xsl/Saxon B9</agent>
<eventDescription>Derived from EAD instance.</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>revised</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-07-08">2009-07-08</eventDateTime>
<agentyType>human</agentyType>
<agent>Claire Sibille</agent>
<eventDescription>Notice convertie en EAC-CPF avec l'editeur oXygen</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2001-11-03">2001-11/03</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Lina Bountouri</agent>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceHistory>
  Maintenance History  [toc]
Summary: The history of the creation and maintenance of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A required wrapper element within <control> to record the history and creation of the EAC-CPF instance. There must be at least one <maintenanceEvent> element, usually recording the creation of the instance, but there may be many other <maintenanceEvent> elements documenting the milestone events or activities in the maintenance of the instance.
May contain:
maintenanceEvent
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.6, 5.4.9
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<maintenanceHistory>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>created</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-06-29T00:20:00.000-00:00">29 giugno 2009</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Salvatore Vassallo</agent>
<eventDescription>Prima codifica dell'espempio in italiano presente nelle ISAAR(CPF)</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
<maintenanceEvent>
<eventType>revised</eventType>
<eventDateTime standardDateTime="2009-06-29T17:16:00.000-00:00">29 giugno 2009</eventDateTime>
<agentType>human</agentType>
<agent>Salvatore Vassallo</agent>
<eventDescription>Aggiunte fonti, regole usate e campi di controllo</eventDescription>
</maintenanceEvent>
</maintenanceHistory>
<maintenanceStatus>
  Maintenance Status  [toc]
Summary: The current drafting status of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A required element within <control> that records the current drafting status of an EAC-CPF instance: as an EAC-CPF instance is modified or other events happen to it (as recorded in the <maintenanceHistory> element), the maintenance status should also be amended to reflect the current drafting status.
On first creation the status would be "new", which on revision can be changed to "revised". Because it is important to be clear what has happened to records particularly when sharing and making links between them, a number of status values are available for records that are no longer current. A record that is simply deleted from a system can be given the status "deleted", but in cases where a record is marked as not current (obsolete or rejected) but kept for reference then it should be given the status "cancelled". If a record is deleted though because it has become superseded by two or more records then its status should be given as "deletedSplit", while if it has simply been replaced by a new record then "deletedReplaced" is the appropriate status value. A "derived" status value is available to indicate that the record was derived from another descriptive system.
May contain:
"cancelled" or "deleted" or "deletedReplaced" or "deletedSplit" or "derived" or "new" or "revised"
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.4
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<maintenanceStatus>new</maintenanceStatus>
<mandate>
  Mandate  [toc]
Summary: The source of authority or mandate for the corporate body in terms of its powers, functions, responsibilities or sphere of activities, such as a law, directive, or charter.
Description
A <mandate> element is a wrapper element used to encode an index term, using the child element, <term>. Terms are used to identify the source of authority or mandate for the corporate body in terms of its powers, functions, responsibilities or sphere of activities, such as a law, directive or charter. Terms may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms. Associated date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) and place(s) (<placeEntry>) may be included to further constrain the term's meaning. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included if a fuller textual explanation is needed.
A single <mandate> element may be encoded directly within <description>. Alternatively, multiple <mandate> elements may be grouped within <mandates>.
May contain:
citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, term
May occur within:
description, mandates
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.6
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<mandate>
<term>Minnesota. Executive Session Laws 1919 c49</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1919">1919</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1952">1925</toDate>
</dateRange>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Board created in 1919 to receive and examine applications for bonuses from Minnesota soldiers.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</mandate>
<mandates>
  Mandates  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <mandate> elements.
Description
Use the optional <mandates> element to group together one or more occurrences of <mandate> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <mandate> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <mandates>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the mandates being described. A simpler discursive expression of the mandates may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, descriptiveNote, list, mandate, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.6
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<mandates>
<mandate>
<term>Instrucciones de 13-VI-1586 por las que se crean y definen las secretarias de Tierra y Mar.</term>
</mandate>
<mandate>
<term>Real Decreto de Nueva Planta para el consejo de Guerra de 23-IV-1714.</term>
</mandate>
<mandate>
<term>Real Decreto de Nueva Planta para el consejo de Guerra de 23-VIII-1715.</term>
</mandate>
</mandates>
<multipleIdentities>
  Multiple Identities  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element used to group together more than one <cpfDescription> within a single EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A wrapper element used to encode more than one <cpfDescription> in a single EAC-CPF instance. The use of the <multipleIdentities> element can resolve two identity circumstances. First, it can be used to represent more than one identity (including official identities) of the same entity each with a separate <cpfDescription>. Second, it can be used to represent a collaborative identity which includes multiple individuals operating under a shared identity (such as a shared pseudonym).
May contain:
cpfDescription
May occur within:
eac-cpf
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<multipleIdentities>
<cpfDescription>
<identity identityType="acquired" localType="pseudonyme">
<entityType>person</entityType>
<nameEntry xml:lang="rus" scriptCode="Latn" transliteration="ISO9:1995">
<part localType="élément d'entrée">Gorki</part>
<part localType="autre élément">Maksim</part>
<useDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1892">1892</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936">1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</useDates>
</nameEntry>
</identity>
<description>
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1868">1868</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936">1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<function>
<term>Romancier</term>
</function>
<languageUsed>
<language languageCode="rus">russe</language>
<script scriptCode="Cyrl"></script>
</languageUsed>
</description>
</cpfDescription>
<cpfDescription>
<identity identityType="given" localType="état civil">
<entityType>person</entityType>
<nameEntry xml:lang="rus" scriptCode="Latn" transliteration="ISO9:1995">
<part localType="élément d'entrée">Peškov</part>
<part localType="autre élément">Aleksej Maksimovič</part>
</nameEntry>
</identity>
<description>
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1868-03-28">28 mars 1868</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936-06-18">18 juin 1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<places>
<place>
<placeRole>naissance</placeRole>
<placeEntry>Nijni-Novgorod (Russie)</placeEntry>
</place>
<place>
<placeRole>déces</placeRole>
<placeEntry>Gorki (Russie)</placeEntry>
</place>
<place>
<placeRole>nationalité</placeRole>
<placeEntry countryCode="SU">Union Soviétique</placeEntry>
</place>
</places>
<biogHist>
<p>Élevé par son oncle maternel à Nijni-Novgorod. S'installe à Kazan en 1884. Autodidacte. Premiers contacts avec les milieux marxistes et populistes. Retour à Nijni-Novgorod en 1889 et première arrestation. Entame un premier voyage dans le sud de la Russie en 1891 et s'installe à Tiflis (1891-1892), avant de revenir à Nijni-Novgorod (1893-1895 puis 1898). Arrêté un deuixème fois à Tiflis en 1898. Il se rend pour la première fois à Saint-Pétersbourg en 1899. Arrêté une 3e fois à Nijni-Novgorod en 1901, ce qui provoque une campagne de protestations. Entretient des liens d'amitié avec Cehov et Tol'stoj. Il apporte son soutien financier au Parti social-démocrate et se rapproche des Bolcheviks après 1905. Il s'exile à Capri de 1906 à 1913. Rentré en Russie en 1913, il s'exile de nouveau en 1921 en Allemagne puis en Italie en 1923. Il retourne définitivement en URSS en 1932.</p>
</biogHist>
</description>
</cpfDescription>
</multipleIdentities>
<nameEntry>
  Name Entry  [toc]
Summary: An element containing a name entry for a corporate body, person, or family. <nameEntry> is made up of one or more <part> elements so that the entity can be identified with certainty and distinguished from others bearing the same or similar names.
Description
Within <identity>, the element <nameEntry> is used to record a name by which the corporate body, the person, or the family described in the EAC-CPF instance is known.
When <nameEntry> occurs within <nameEntryParallel> it is used to record two or more parallel forms (e.g., official forms of the name in different languages and/or scripts, transliterated forms of the name). When <nameEntry> is not included within <nameEntryParallel> it is used to record the authorized or alternative forms, whether standardized or not.
Each form of the name is recorded in a separate <nameEntry> element.
Each <nameEntry> should contain at least one <part> element. Within <nameEntry> each of the component parts of a name may be recorded in a separate <part> element.
When <nameEntry> does not occur within <nameEntryParallel>, it may include two optional elements, <authorizedForm> and <alternativeForm>, to account more precisely for the status of the form of the name contained in the <nameEntry> element, as compared to other possible forms of the name contained in other <nameEntry> elements.
The <nameEntry> element may also contain a <useDates> element to indicate the dates of use of the name, only when <nameEntry> is not included within <nameEntryParallel>.
The attributes @scriptCode and @xml:lang are used to specify the script and the language of each of the names recorded in <nameEntry>.
If the form of the name recorded in <nameEntry> is a transliterated one, the attribute @transliteration is used to record the conventions or rules applied to transliterate this form of the name.
May contain:
alternativeForm, authorizedForm, part, preferredForm, useDates
May occur within:
identity, nameEntryParallel
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.1.5
Occurrence:
1...∞
Examples:
<nameEntry>
<part localType="surname">Lemoyne</part>
<part localType="forename">Francois</part>
<authorizedForm>AFNOR</authorizedForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part localType="surname">Lemoine</part>
<part localType="forename">Francois</part>
<alternativeForm>AFNOR</alternativeForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob</part>
<useDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1886">1886</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1959">1959</toDate>
</dateRange>
</useDates>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntryParallel>
  Name Entry Parallel  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element for two or more <nameEntry> elements that represent parallel forms of the name.
Description
A container element used to group two or more <nameEntry> elements representing parallel forms of the name for the same entity (e.g., official forms of the name in different languages and/or scripts, transliterated forms of the name). All those forms should have the same status, either authorized or alternative. Two optional elements, <authorizedForm> or <alternativeForm> may be used to account more precisely for the status of the set of parallel name forms contained in <nameEntryParallel>. Do not use for pairing authorized and unauthorized forms of the same name (e.g., an authorized form with see references).
The <nameEntryParallel> element may contain a <useDates> element to indicate the dates of use of the set of parallel name forms.
May contain:
alternativeForm, authorizedForm, nameEntry, useDates
May occur within:
identity
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<nameEntryParallel>
<nameEntry xml:lang="fre" scriptCode="Latn">
<part>Institut international des droits de l'homme</part>
<preferredForm>AFNOR_Z44-060</preferredForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry xml:lang="eng" scriptCode="Latn">International institute of human rights</nameEntry>
<nameEntry xml:lang="spa" scriptCode="Latn">
<part>Instituto internacional de derechos humanos</part>
</nameEntry>
<authorizedForm>AFNOR_Z44-060</authorizedForm>
</nameEntryParallel>
<objectBinWrap>
  Object Bin Wrap  [toc]
Summary: This element provides a place for a base64-encoded binary representation of a resource.
Description
This element provides a place for a base64-encoded binary representation of a resource. The datatype of base64-encoded binary is based on the W3C Schema Part 2: Datatypes.
May contain:
base64Binary
May occur within:
cpfRelation, functionRelation, resourceRelation, setComponent, source
Attributes:
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<objectBinWrap> [Base64 Binary code] </objectBinWrap>
<objectXMLWrap>
  Object XML Wrap  [toc]
Summary: A place for incorporating XML elements from any XML namespace.
Description
This element provides a place to express data in another XML encoding language. While the element is not restricted with respect to namespace, to facilitate interoperability, the XML should conform to an open, standard XML schema and a namespace attribute should be present on the root element referencing the namespace of the standard.
May contain:
any element from any namespace
May occur within:
cpfRelation, functionRelation, resourceRelation, setComponent, source
Attributes:
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<objectXMLWrap>Artisti trentini tra le due guerreNicolettaBoschieroautore</objectXMLWrap>
<occupation>
  Occupation  [toc]
Summary: An element that provides information about the occupation of the entity being described.
Description
An <occupation> element is a wrapper element used to encode an index term, using the child element <term>. Terms are used to identify an occupation held by the EAC-CPF entity. Terms may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms. Associated date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) and place(s) (<placeEntry>) may be included to further constrain the term's meaning. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included if a fuller textual explanation needed.
A single <occupation> element may be encoded directly within <description>. Alternatively, multiple <occupation> elements may be grouped within a <occupations> wrapper that facilitates manipulating them as a group.
Occupations may alternatively be described in discursive form in <biogHist> (ISAAR (CPF) History 5.2.2). The <occupation> element should be used whenever separate semantic processing of information about occupations is required.
May contain:
citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, term
May occur within:
description, occupations
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.5
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<occupation>
<term>Teacher</term>
</occupation>
<occupations>
  Occupations  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <occupation> elements.
Description
Use the optional <occupations> element to group together one or more occurrences of <occupation> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <occupation> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <occupations>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the occupations being described. A simpler discursive expression of the occupations may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, descriptiveNote, list, occupation, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.5
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<occupations>
<occupation>
<term>Teacher</term>
</occupation>
<occupation>
<term>Railway labourer</term>
</occupation>
</occupations>
<otherAgencyCode>
  Other Agency Code  [toc]
Summary: Alternate code representing the instituion or service responsible for the creation, maintenance, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An element of <maintenanceAgency> within <control> providing an alternative and/or local institution code representing the institution or service responsible for the creation, maintenace, and/or dissemination of the EAC-CPF instance to that given in the <agencyCode> element in the format of the International Standard identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations (ISIL: ISO 15511). The name of the agency is given in <agencyName>. The addition of an ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code as the prefix is recommended to ensure international uniqueness.
May contain:
NMTOKEN
May occur within:
maintenanceAgency
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<maintenanceAgency>
<otherAgencyCode>GB-058</otherAgencyCode>
<agencyName>The British Library: Manuscript Collections</agencyName>
</maintenanceAgency>
<otherRecordId>
  Other Record Identifier  [toc]
Summary: Alternative record identifiers that may be associated with the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An element in <control> for the provision of alternative record identifiers to the mandatory identifier in <recordId> that may be associated with the EAC-CPF instance. These might include the identifiers of merged EAC-CPF instances representing the same entity or those of records that are no longer current but had some part in the history and maintenance of the EAC-CPF instance.
The @localType attribute can be used to identify the kind of institution or service responsible for each associated record identifier if not the same as that given in the <maintenanceAgency> element for this EAC-CPF instance.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<otherRecordId>ARC-ID-976172</otherRecordId>
<outline>
  Outline  [toc]
Summary: An element used within the description area to encode information in an outline format.
Description
<outline> contains one or more <level> elements, which contain either <item> elements or further <level> elements in a hierarchical fashion.
May contain:
level
May occur within:
biogHist, functions, generalContext, legalStatuses, localDescriptions, mandates, occupations, places, structureOrGenealogy
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<outline>
<level>
<item>I.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>II.</item>
<level>
<item>A.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>B.</item>
<level>
<item>1.</item>
</level>
<level>
<item>2.</item>
</level>
</level>
</level>
</outline>
<p>
  Paragraph  [toc]
Summary: A generic element in the description area which marks one or more sentences that form a logical prose passage.
Description
A paragraph may be a subdivision of a larger composition, or it may exist alone. It is usually typographically distinct. A line space is often left blank before it; the text begins on a new line; and the first letter of the first word is often indented, enlarged, or both.
The <p> element is an important textual feature, which must be used as part of any general description within a <descriptiveNote> element and may be used inside many of the descriptive elements within the description area. While it generally contains discursive text, it may also contain a <span> element to further stress or style specific character strings by particular formatting (such as italic or bold, etc.).
May contain:
[text], span
May occur within:
biogHist, descriptiveNote, functions, generalContext, legalStatuses, localDescriptions, mandates, occupations, places, structureOrGenealogy
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<biogHist>
<p>Robert Carlton Brown (1886-1959) was a writer, editor, publisher, and traveler. From 1908 to 1917, he wrote poetry and prose for numerous magazines and newspapers in New York City, publishing two pulp novels,
<span style="font-style:italic">What Happened to Mary</span>
and
<span style="font-style:italic">The Remarkable Adventures of Christopher Poe</span>
(1913), and one volume of poetry,
<span style="font-style:italic">My Marjonary</span>
(1916).</p>
<p>During 1918, he traveled extensively in Mexico and Central America, writing for the U.S. Committee of Public Information in Santiago de Chile. In 1919, he moved with his wife, Rose Brown, to Rio de Janeiro, where they founded
<span style="font-style:italic">Brazilian American</span>
, a weekly magazine that ran until 1929. With Brown's mother, Cora, the Browns also established magazines in Mexico City and London:
<span style="font-style:italic">Mexican American</span>
(1924-1929) and
<span style="font-style:italic">British American</span>
(1926-1929).</p>
</biogHist>
<part>
  Part  [toc]
Summary: <part> is used to distinguish components of the name of the entity.
Description
Within <nameEntry> each of the component parts of a name, such as forename, surname, honorific title, may be recorded in a separate <part> element. <part> may also contain the full name of the entity when it is not possible to distinguish the different component parts of the name. The <useDates> element should be used for any date information associated with the name.
The designation of the information contained in the <part> can be specified by the attribute @localType.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
nameEntry
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<nameEntry>
<part localType="surname">Lemoyne</part>
<part localType="forename">Francois</part>
<authorizedForm>AFNOR</authorizedForm>
</nameEntry>
<place>
  Place  [toc]
Summary: An element that provides information about a place or jurisdiction where the EAC-CPF entity was based, lived, or with which it had some other significant connection.
Description
A <place> element is a wrapper element used to encode an index term, using the child element <placeEntry>. Terms are used to identify the places or jurisdictions where the EAC-CPF entity was based, lived, or with which it had some other significant connection. The <placeRole> element is available to specify the nature of the connection of the place with the entity being described, and its use is strongly recommended. Terms in <placeEntry> and <placeRole> may be drawn from controlled vocabularies or may be natural language terms. These controlled vocabularies can be identified with the @vocabularySource attribute. Associated date or date range (<date>, <dateRange> or <dateSet>) information may be included to further constrain the term's meaning. A <descriptiveNote> may be included if a fuller textual explanation is needed. An <address> element is also available for specifying a postal or other address. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included for more detailed specifications or explanation of the relation between the values.
A single <place> element may be encoded directly within <description>. Alternatively, multiple <place> elements may be grouped within a <places> wrapper that facilitates manipulating them as a group.
Places may alternatively be described in discursive form in <biogHist> (ISAAR (CPF) History 5.2.2). The <place> element should be used whenever separate semantic processing of information about places is required.
May contain:
address, citation, date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, placeEntry, placeRole
May occur within:
description, places
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<place>
<placeEntry>Paris, France</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
<placeEntry>
  Place Entry  [toc]
Summary: An element used in both the description and relations areas to encode information about the place or jurisdiction where the EAC-CPF entity was based, lived, or with which it had some other significant connection.
Description
Places should be identified by the proper noun that commonly designates the place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction. It is recommended that place names be taken from authorized vocabularies. Within <place>, a companion <placeRole> is strongly recommended to describe the nature of the association of the place to the entity.
@latitude, @longitude, and @altitude attributes are available for specific geographical data. The @accuracy attribute may be used to indicate uncertainty. The @vocabularySource attribute may be used to indicate the controlled vocabulary from which the <placeEntry> term is derived.
The <placeEntry> element is repeatable. It is strongly recommended that within <place>, the <placeEntry> element be repeated only to represent the same place name in various languages, with an accompanying @xml:lang attribute.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
chronItem, cpfRelation, function, functionRelation, legalStatus, localDescription, mandate, occupation, place, resourceRelation
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<place>
<placeEntry>Paris, France</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
<placeRole>
  Place Role  [toc]
Summary: An element to identify the contextual role a place or jurisdiction has in relation to the EAC-CPF entity in <place> elements.
Description
<placeRole> provides a contextual role for a <placeEntry> within <place>. Places should be identified by the proper noun that commonly designates the place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction. It is strongly recommended that each place name is accompanied by a <placeRole> element in order to describe the nature of the association of the place to the entity.
The @vocabularySource attribute may be used to indicate the controlled vocabulary form which the <placeRole> term is derived.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
place
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<place>
<placeEntry>Paris, France</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
<places>
  Places  [toc]
Summary: A grouping element used to bundle together individual <place> elements.
Description
Use the optional <places> element to group together one or more occurrences of <place> so that they can be manipulated as a package. A single <place> may stand alone or may be wrapped within <places>.
The optional <citation>, <list>, and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the places and dates being described. A simpler discursive expression of the places may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
May contain:
citation, descriptiveNote, list, outline, p, place
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<places>
<place>
<placeEntry>Paris, France</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
<place>
<placeEntry>New York, N.Y.</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
<place>
<placeEntry>Riode Janeiro, Brazil</placeEntry>
<placeRole>Residence</placeRole>
</place>
</places>
<places>
<place>
<placeRole>naissance</placeRole>
<placeEntry>Nijni-Novgorod (Russie)</placeEntry>
</place>
<place>
<placeRole>déces</placeRole>
<placeEntry>Gorki (Russie)</placeEntry>
</place>
<place>
<placeRole>nationalité</placeRole>
<placeEntry countryCode="SU">Union Soviétique</placeEntry>
</place>
</places>
<preferredForm>
  Preferred Form of Name  [toc]
Summary: An element used to indicate which of the parallel names recorded within <nameEntryParallel>, is the preferred one for display purposes in a given context.
Description
In cases where parallel names are encoded as multiple <nameEntry> elements within <nameEntryParallel>, a <nameEntry> may be chosen as preferred in a given context. The <preferredForm> element is used only when <nameEntry> occurs within <nameEntryParallel>. It is used only to distinguish the preferred form of the name to be displayed, as compared to the other authorized parallel names recorded in other <nameEntry> elements.
The <preferredForm> element contains an abbreviation of the relevant national, international or other convention or rule applied by a given agency and according to which the name thus qualified is deemed as preferred to the others. The abbreviations expressed in <preferredForm> must be declared within the <conventionDeclaration> element in <control>.
Within <nameEntryParallel>, <preferredForm> may occur simultaneously with <authorizedForm> elements. While the <authorizedForm>, when used within <nameEntryParallel>, qualifies collectively the set of the parallel forms recorded in the separate <nameEntry> elements, the <preferredForm> element is used specifically within the <nameEntry> elements to qualify the preferred form(s) of the name that an agency chooses to display.
May contain:
NMTOKEN
May occur within:
nameEntry (only when it occurs within nameEntryParallel)
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.3
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<nameEntryParallel>
<nameEntry xml:lang="fre" scriptCode="Latn">
<part>Institut international des droits de l'homme</part>
<preferredForm>AFNOR_Z44-060</preferredForm>
</nameEntry>
<nameEntry xml:lang="eng" scriptCode="Latn">International institute of human rights</nameEntry>
<nameEntry xml:lang="spa" scriptCode="Latn">
<part>Instituto internacional de derechos humanos</part>
</nameEntry>
<authorizedForm>AFNOR_Z44-060</authorizedForm>
</nameEntryParallel>
<publicationStatus>
  Publication Status  [toc]
Summary: The current publication status of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
The current publication status of the EAC-CPF instance may be specified in the <publicationStatus> element. If according to local practice the instance is still in the process of being approved for publication, the value should be "inProcess," while if approved for publication, the value should be "approved."
May contain:
"inProcess" or "approved"
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.4
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<publicationStatus>inProcess</publicationStatus>
<recordId>
  Record Identifier  [toc]
Summary: The unique identifier for a particular instance.
Description
A required element within <control> that designates a unique identifier for the EAC-CPF instance. The assigning owner ensures the uniqueness of the value within the EAC-CPF descriptive system under its control. The <recordId>, when used in combination with the content of the required <agencyCode> element within <maintenanceAgency>, will provide a globally unique identifier.
Record alternate record identifiers if desired in <otherRecordId>.
May contain:
NMTOKEN
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.1
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<recordId>F10219</recordId>
<relationEntry>
  Relation Entry  [toc]
Summary: A descriptive element for relations that provides discursive text.
Description
A descriptive element for relations that provides discursive text identifying a related entity, which may be either another name (CPF) entity, a resource created by or otherwise related to the named entity (e.g., archival records), or the name of a related function.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
cpfRelation, functionRelation, resourceRelation
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<functionRelation functionRelationType="performs">
<relationEntry>Alumni communication management, University of Glasgow</relationEntry>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>The management of the University's communication with its alumni.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</functionRelation>
<relations>
  Relations  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element for grouping one or more specific relations.
Description
A wrapper element that groups together one or more relation elements, each of which denotes a specific relationship. Entities may have relationships with other corporate bodies, persons or families, which may be expressed using <cpfRelation>; functions, which may be expressed using <functionRelation>; or resources such as archival collections, bibliographic resources, or artifacts, which may be expressed using <resourceRelation>.
May contain:
cpfRelation, functionRelation, resourceRelation
May occur within:
cpfDescription
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
The general concept of providing connections from archival authority records to other related resources is stated in ISAAR(CPF) 6.0: "Archival authority records are created primarily to document the context of records creation. To make this documentation useful it is necessary to link the authority records to descriptions of records. Archival authority records can also be linked to other relevant information resources."
Occurrence:
0…1
Example:
<relations>
<cpfRelation>[...]</cpfRelation>
<functionRelation>[...]</functionRelation>
<resourceRelation>[...]</resourceRelation>
</relations>
<resourceRelation>
  Resource Relation  [toc]
Summary: A resource related to the described entity.
Description
The <resourceRelation> element contains the description of a resource related to the described entity. Use <objectXMLWrap> to incorporate XML elements from any XML namespaces or <objectBinWrap> for base64-encoded binary data. A <relationEntry> element is provided for textual identification of the related resource.
Use the <date>, <dateRange>, or <dateSet> elements for specifying when the relationship applied and the <placeEntry> element for relevant locative information. A <descriptiveNote> element may be included for a more detailed specifications or explanations of the relationship.
The @resourceRelationType attribute is used to specify the nature of the relationship between the resource and the entity described in the EAC-CPF instance.
May contain:
date, dateRange, dateSet, descriptiveNote, objectBinWrap, objectXMLWrap, placeEntry, relationEntry
May occur within:
relations
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 6
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<resourceRelation resourceRelationType="creatorOf">
<objectXMLWrap>E 40/12531Attached seal, Andrew Noel1551-1552Seals</objectXMLWrap>
</resourceRelation>
<script>
  Script  [toc]
Summary: The specification of a particular script used in the EAC-CPF instance or in the creative work of the entity being described.
Description
A required element within <languageDeclaration> that gives the main script in which the EAC-CPF instance is written.
A required element within <languageUsed> that gives the main script used by the entity being described in their creative or productive work.
The content of the @scriptCode attribute must be given in the form of a valid code from ISO 15924.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
languageDeclaration, languageUsed
Attributes:
Required
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.7
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<languageDeclaration>
<language languageCode="eng">English</language>
<script scriptCode="Latn">Latin</script>
</languageDeclaration>
<setComponent>
  Set Component  [toc]
Summary: A wrapper element within <alternativeSet> that contains the EAC-CPF encoding for one entire authority record, thereby permitting the bundling of authority records from multiple authority systems within a single <cpfDescription>.
Description
<setComponent> provides an encoding wrapper to contain an entire authority record, so that multiple records for the same identity from separate authority systems or in different languages, may be combined together within a single EAC-CPF instance. The mandatory <componentEntry> element encodes the link to the authority record in the external authority system. An optional <descriptiveNote> may be used for a textual note providing further information about the record referenced in <setComponent>.
May contain:
componentEntry, descriptiveNote, objectBinWrap, objectXMLWrap
May occur within:
alternativeSet
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<alternativeSet>
<setComponent xlink:href="http://authorities.loc.gov" xlink:type="simple">
<componentEntry>Bright Sparcs Record</componentEntry>
</setComponent>
<setComponent xlink:href="http://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35335937" xlink:type="simple">
<componentEntry>NLA record.</componentEntry>
</setComponent>
</alternativeSet>
<source>
  Source  [toc]
Summary: A source of evidence used in describing the entity or entities in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An element for identifying a particular source of evidence used in describing the entity or entities. A record for the source must be included in either <objectXMLWrap> or <objectBinWrap>; or as a textual description in the <sourceEntry> element. Use the optional <descriptiveNote> for any additional notes about the source. A <source> in this context should not be confused with the <citation> element which is used in a number of descriptive elements to point to a resource that provides descriptive data which is not otherwise given in the EAC-CPF instance.
A link to the source may be made using the XML Linking Language (Xlink) attributes (for which consult the specification at http://www.w3.org/TR/xlink/) and the last date and time that the source was verified can be given in the @lastDateTimeVerified attribute.
May contain:
descriptiveNote, objectBinWrap, objectXMLWrap, sourceEntry
May occur within:
sources
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Required (if any XLINK attributes used)
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.8
Occurrence:
1...∞
Example:
<sources>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Principal Family and Estate Collections: Family Names L-W, 1999</sourceEntry>
</source>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Complete Peerage, 1936</sourceEntry>
</source>
</sources>
<sourceEntry>
  Source Entry  [toc]
Summary: A textual identification of a particular source of evidence used in describing the entity in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
The <sourceEntry> element may be used within the <source> element to identify a source used in the construction of the EAC-CPF instance directly rather than using other content in <objectBinWrap> or <objectXMLWrap>. The <sourceEntry> element generally contains discursive text.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
source
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<sources>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Principal Family and Estate Collections: Family Names L-W, 1999</sourceEntry>
</source>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Complete Peerage, 1936</sourceEntry>
</source>
</sources>
<sources>
  Sources  [toc]
Summary: A record of the sources used for the description of the entity or entities in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
A wrapper element within <control> used to record one or more sources consulted in creating the description of the entity or entities in the EAC-CPF instance.
May contain:
source
May occur within:
control
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.4.8
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<sources>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Principal Family and Estate Collections: Family Names L-W, 1999</sourceEntry>
</source>
<source>
<sourceEntry>HMC, Complete Peerage, 1936</sourceEntry>
</source>
</sources>
<span>
  Span  [toc]
Summary: Specifies the beginning and the end of a span of text.
Description
A formatting element for marking arbitrary words or phrases that are stressed or emphasized for linguistic effect or identifying some qualities of the words or phrases. Use the @style attribute to affect an arbitrary stylistic difference. Use the @localType attribute to assign other characteristics.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
abstract, citation, componentEntry, item, p, sourceEntry
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<biogHist>
<p>Robert Carlton Brown (1886-1959) was a writer, editor, publisher, and traveler. From 1908 to 1917, he wrote poetry and prose for numerous magazines and newspapers in New York City, publishing two pulp novels,
<span style="font-style:italic">What Happened to Mary</span>
and
<span style="font-style:italic">The Remarkable Adventures of Christopher Poe</span>
(1913), and one volume of poetry,
<span style="font-style:italic">My Marjonary</span>
(1916).</p>
<p>During 1918, he traveled extensively in Mexico and Central America, writing for the U.S. Committee of Public Information in Santiago de Chile. In 1919, he moved with his wife, Rose Brown, to Rio de Janeiro, where they founded
<span style="font-style:italic">Brazilian American</span>
, a weekly magazine that ran until 1929. With Brown's mother, Cora, the Browns also established magazines in Mexico City and London:
<span style="font-style:italic">Mexican American</span>
(1924-1929) and
<span style="font-style:italic">British American</span>
(1926-1929).</p>
</biogHist>
<structureOrGenealogy>
  Structure or Genealogy  [toc]
Summary: A description of the internal administrative structure(s) of a corporate body or the genealogy of a family.
Description
<structureOrGenealogy> encodes within the description area, information expressing the internal administrative structure(s) of a corporate body and the dates of any changes to that structure that are significant to understanding the way that corporate body conducted affairs (such as dated organization charts), and the genealogy of a family (such as a family tree) in a way that demonstrates the interrelationships of its members with covering dates.
The optional <list> and <outline> elements are used to accommodate greater complexity in expressing or representing the activities being described. <citation> may be used to provide a link to external documents like organizational charts and family trees. A simpler discursive expression of the activities may be encoded as one or more <p> elements.
Genealogical and administrative structure information may alternatively be described in discursive form in the <biogHist> element (ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.2 History) and/or with <cpfRelation> elements (ISAAR (CPF) 5.3). The <structureOrGenealogy> element should be used whenever separate semantic processing of information about structure or genealogies is required.
May contain:
citation, list, outline, p
May occur within:
description
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.2.7
Occurrence:
0...∞
Example:
<structureOrGenealogy>
<p>Sir Edward Noel (d 1643) married Julian, daughter and co-heir of Baptists Hicks (d 1629), Viscount Campden, and succeeded to the viscouty of Campden and a portion of his father-in-law's estates. The third Viscount Campden (1612-82) married Hester Wotton, daughter of the second Baron Wotton. The fourth Viscount Campden (1641-1689, created Earl of Gainsborough, 1682) married Elizabeth Wriothesley, elder daughter of the fourth Earl of Southampton. Jane Noel (d 1811), sister of the fifth and sixth Earls of Gainsborough, married Gerard Anne Edwards of Welham Grove (Leicetershire) and had issue Gerard Noel Edwards (1759-1838). He married in 1780 Diana Middleton (1762-1823 suo jure Baroness Barham), daughter of Charles Middleton (1726-1813), created first Baronet of Barham Court (Kent) in 1781 and first Baron Barham in 1805. GN Edwards assumed the surname Noel in 1798 on inheriting the sixth Earl of Gainborough's Rutland and Gloucestershire estates (though not the Earl's honours, which were extinguished); and he later inherited his father-in-law's baronetcy. His eldest son John Noel (1781-1866) succeeded to the estates of his mother and his father, to his mother's barony and his father's baronetcy, and was created Viscount Campden and Earl of Gainsborough in 1841.</p>
</structureOrGenealogy>
<term>
  Term  [toc]
Summary: A generic element used to encode a descriptive term in accordance with local descriptive rules.
Description
A generic element used to encode a descriptive term in accordance with local descriptive rules. The local authority – thesaurus or local controlled vocabulary – should be declared in the <localTypeDeclaration> element within the <control> section.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
function, legalStatus, localControl, localDescription, mandate, occupation, place
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
0...∞
Examples:
<function>
<term>Estate ownership</term>
<descriptiveNote>Social, political, and cultural role typical of landed aristocracy in England. The first Viscount Campden amassed a large fortune in trade in London and purchased extensive estates, including Exton (Rutland), and Chipping Campden (Gloucestershire). The Barham Court (Kent) estate was the acquisition of the first Baron Barham, a successful admiral and naval administrator (First Lord of the Admiralty 1805).</descriptiveNote>
</function>
<legalStatus>
<term>Organismo de la Administracion Central del Estado</term>
<date standardDate="1769">1769</date>
</legalStatus>
<mandate>
<term>Minnesota. Executive Session Laws 1919 c49</term>
<dateRange>
<fromDate>1919</fromDate>
<toDate>1925</toDate>
</dateRange>
<descriptiveNote>
<p>Board created in 1919 to receive and examine applications for bonuses from Minnesota soldiers.</p>
</descriptiveNote>
</mandate>
<occupation>
<term>Teacher</term>
</occupation>
<localControl localType="detailLevel">
<term>minimal</term>
</localControl>
<toDate>
  To Date  [toc]
Summary: The ending date in a date range.
Description
May contain actual or approximate dates expressed as a month, day, or year in any format. A standard numerical form of the date (YYYYMMDD, etc.) can be specified with the @standardDate attribute. The @notBefore and @notAfter attributes may be used to indicate uncertainty.
May contain:
[text]
May occur within:
dateRange
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
 
Optional
Occurrence:
1
Example:
<existDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1868">1868</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1936">1936</toDate>
</dateRange>
</existDates>
<useDates>
  Date of Use  [toc]
Summary: The dates when the name or names were used by the entity being described.
Description
Within <nameEntry>, <useDates> provides the dates when the name was used. For parallel names, <useDates> may occur in <nameEntryParallel> rather than in the individual <nameEntry> elements contained in <nameEntryParallel>.
May contain:
date, dateRange, dateSet
May occur within:
nameEntry, nameEntryParallel
Attributes:
Optional
 
Optional
References:
ISAAR (CPF) 5.1.2 and 5.1.3
Occurrence:
0...1
Example:
<nameEntry>
<part>Brown, Bob</part>
<useDates>
<dateRange>
<fromDate standardDate="1886">1886</fromDate>
<toDate standardDate="1959">1959</toDate>
</dateRange>
</useDates>
<authorizedForm>AACR2</authorizedForm>
</nameEntry>
  [toc]
Attributes
@accuracy
  Accuracy  [toc]
Summary: The accuracy specification for a place statement.
Description
Within the <placeEntry> element, this attribute allows for an accuracy specification.
Data Type:
[text]
 
@altitude
  Altitude  [toc]
Summary: The altitude or elevation of the geographic place.
Description
The @altitude may occur on <place>. The value of the attribute is the altitude or elevation of the geographic place named. @altitude should be used in conjunction with @longitude and @latitude.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@countryCode
  Country Code  [toc]
Summary: Two letter ISO 3166-1 standard code representing a country.
Description
The @countryCode may occur on <placeEntry> or <address>. The @countryCode attribute may be used to provide the ISO 3166-1 standard code designating the country placed named is a country, the code for that country. The values are to be taken from the list of ISO 3166-1 Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries. The list can be downloaded from the website of ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists.htm
Data Type:
ISO 3166-1 Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries, column A2.
 
@cpfRelationType
  Corporate Body, Person, or Family Relation Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of relation that the corporate body, person, or family has to the entity being described.
Description
The @cpfRelationType may occur on <cpfRelation>. The value designates the type of relation that a corporate body, person, or family has to the entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance. If the nature of the relation is more specific than one of the values given below, the Xlink attributes can be used in addition to @cpfRelationType.
Data Type:
"identity" or "hierarchical" or "hierarchical-parent" or "hierarchical-child" or "temporal" or "temporal-earlier" or "temporal-later" or "family" or "associative"
 
@functionRelationType
  Function Relation Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of relation that the entity being described has to the related function.
Description
The @functionRelationType may occur on <functionRelation>. The value designates the type of relation that the entity being described has to the related function. If the type of relation is more specific than one of the values given below, Xlink attributes may be used in addition to @functionRelationType.
Data Type:
"controls" or "owns" or "performs"
 
@identityType
  Identity Type  [toc]
Summary: Indicates whether the identity is given or acquired. May be useful for processing when multiple identities are described in the same instance.
Description
The @identityType may occur on <identity>. Though optional, it is recommended that it be used when multiple identities are described in the same EAC-CPF instance using <multipleIdentities>. It will enable processors to distinguish between the description of a person and one or more personae.
Data Type:
"given" or "acquired"
 
@languageCode
  Language Code  [toc]
Summary: Three-letter ISO 639-2 language code. Must occur on <language>.
Description
The @languageCode must occur on <language>. The Language Code is used to provide the ISO 639-2 standard code representing the language of the EAC-CPF instance. The values are to be taken from the list of ISO 639-2 Codes for the representation of Names of Languages. The list can be downloaded from the website of the Library of Congress which is the registration agency of the standard (http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html).
Data Type:
ISO 639-2 Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages
 
@lastDateTimeVerified
  Last Date and Time Verified  [toc]
Summary: Last date or date and time the linked resource was verified.
Description
The @lastDateTimeVerified may occur on <citation>, <cpfRelation>, <functionRelation>, <resourceRelation>, <setComponent>, or <term>. The value of the attribute provides the last date or last date and time when a related (or linked) object was verified. Verification may include link resolution as well as verification of the version of the linked object.
Data Type:
Union of the XML Schema Datatypes date, gYear, gYearMonth, and dateTime. The following are all valid patterns: 2009-12-31, 2009, 2009-12, 2009-12-31T23:59:59.
 
@latitude
  Latitude  [toc]
Summary: The geographic latitude of the place.
Description
The @latitude may occur on <place>. The value of the attribute is the geographic latitude of the place named. @latitude should be used in conjunction with @longitude and @altitude.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@localType
  Local Type  [toc]
Summary: Used to make the semantics of the element more specific or to provide semantic specificity to elements that are semantically weak. Value should be an absolute URI.
Description
The @localType is broadly available on many descriptive and a few control elements. It is intended to provide a means to narrow the semantics of some elements or provide semantics for elements that are primarily structural or that are semantically weak. The value of the @localType must conform to W3C Schema Part 2: Datatypes, anyURI. To facilitate exchange of EAC-CPF instances, it is highly recommend that the URI be absolute and resolvable to a local resource that describes the semantic scope and use of the value.
Data Type:
anyURI
 
@longitude
  Longitude  [toc]
Summary: The longitude of the place.
Description
The @longitude may occur on <place>. The value of the attribute is the geographic longitude of the place named. @longitude should be used in conjunction with @latitude and @altitude.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@notAfter
  Not After  [toc]
Summary: The latest date possible for an uncertain date.
Description
The @notAfter may occur on <date>, <fromDate>, and <toDate>. For uncertain dates, used in conjunction with @standardDate, the value of @notAfter is the latest date possible. See also @notBefore.
Data Type:
Union of the XML Schema Datatypes date, gYear, and gYearMonth. The following are all valid patterns: 2009-12-31, 2009, 2009-12.
 
@notBefore
  Not Before  [toc]
Summary: The earliest date possible for an uncertain date.
Description
The @notBefore may occur on <date>, <fromDate>, and <toDate>. For uncertain dates, used in conjunction with @standardDate, the value of @notBefore is the earliest date possible. See also @notAfter.
Data Type:
Union of the XML Schema Datatypes date, gYear, and gYearMonth. The following are all valid patterns: 2009-12-31, 2009, 2009-12.
 
@resourceRelationType
  Resource Relation Type  [toc]
Summary: The type of relation of entity being described to the resource.
Description
The @resourceRelationType may occur on <resourceRelation>. The value designates the type of relation that the entity described in the EAC-CPF instance has to the resource. If the nature of the relation is more specific than one of the available values, the Xlink attributes may be used in addition to @resourceRelationType.
Data Type:
"creatorOf" or "subjectOf" or "other"
 
@scriptCode
  Script Code  [toc]
Summary: The ISO 15924 four-letter code for the writing script used.
Description
A standard four-letter code for the writing script used with a given language. The @scriptCode attribute is required for the <script> element, and is available on other elements where language designations may be used.
Data Type:
ISO 15924 Code for the Representation of Names and Scripts
 
@standardDate
  Standard Date  [toc]
Summary: The date represented in a standard form for computer processing.
Description
The @standardDate may occur on <date>, <fromDate>, and <toDate>. The value of @standardDate provides a standard form of the date expressed in <date>, <fromDate>, or <toDate> that can be used in computer processing, such as searching.
Data Type:
Union of the XML Schema Datatypes date, gYear, and gYearMonth. The following are all valid patterns: 2009-12-31, 2009, 2009-12.
 
@standardDateTime
  Standard Date and Time  [toc]
Summary: The date or date and time represented in a standard form for computer processing.
Description
The @standardDateTime may occur on <eventDateTime>. The value of @standardDateTime provides a standard form of the date or date and time expressed in the <eventDateTime> that can be used in computer processing. For example, using both the value in <eventType> and @standardDateTime, all EAC-CPF instances "revised" on a particular date can be identified.
Data Type:
Union of the XML Schema Datatypes date, gYear, gYearMonth, and dateTime. The following are all valid patterns: 2009-12-31, 2009, 2009-12, 2009-12-31T23:59:59.
 
@style
  Style  [toc]
Summary: Used to specify a rendering style for string. It is recommended that the value conforms to W3C CSS.
Description
The @style may occur on <span>. In a limited number of contexts that accommodate discursive description, <span> with @style may be used to identify an arbitrary string that is intended to be rendered in a specific style. It is highly recommended that the value of @style be expressed as a W3C CSS style to facilitate interoperability.
Data Type:
string
 
@transliteration
  Transliteration  [toc]
Summary: A value designating the transliteration scheme used in representing converting one script into another script.
Description
The conventions or rules that prescribe a method for converting one script into another script.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@vocabularySource
  Source of Vocabulary  [toc]
Summary: A value designating the source of the vocabulary from which terms are derived.
Description
The controlled vocabulary used to derive terms for the <term>, <placeEntry>, and <placeRole> elements. Controlled vocabularies should be declared in the <conventionDeclaration> element within <control>.
Data Type:
anyURI
 
@xlink:actuate
  Xlink: Actuate  [toc]
Summary: Used to signal intended behavior with respect to whether the remote resource link is resolved when the containing resource is rendered, or when the user requests the resource.
Description
The @xlink:actuate should be used with the @xlink:show to indicate intended behavior. The @xlink:actuate is used to signal intended behavior with respect to when the remote resource is to appear. The values indicate whether the resource is to appear automatically when the containing resource is rendered ("onLoad"), or only after the user requests the resource ("onRequest"). "None" or "other" are also valid values.
Data Type:
"onLoad" or "onRequest" or "other" or "none"
 
@xlink:arcrole
  Xlink: Arc role  [toc]
Summary: URI defining the purpose of the link.
Description
An absolute URI that describes the nature of the relation between the entity being described in the EAC-CPF instance and a remote resource (<cpfRelation>, <resourceRelation>, or <functionRelation>) or the nature of the relation between the EAC-CPF instance description (or component of description) and the remote resource (<citation>, <setComponent>, and<source>). The value of the attribute should indicate the direction of the relation. It is recommended that the direction of the relation be from local resource to remote resource.
Data Type:
string
 
@xlink:href
  Xlink: HREF  [toc]
Summary: Contains a URI, possibly relative, pointing to the related resource
Description
The address for a remote resource. The @xlink:href takes the form of a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI). While it is permissible to use a relative URI, and an absolute URI is recommended.
Data Type:
anyURI
 
@xlink:role
  Xlink: Role  [toc]
Summary: Identifies the type or nature of the remote resource with an absolute URI.
Description
Identifies the type or nature of the remote resource with an absolute URI.
Data Type:
string
 
@xlink:show
  Xlink: Show  [toc]
Summary: Used to signal intended behavior with respect to where the remote resource is to appear when the link is resolved.
Description
The @xlink:show should be used with the @xlink:actuate to indicate intended behavior. The @xlink:show is used to signal intended behavior with respect to where the remote resource is to appear when the link is resolved. The values indicate whether the resource is to appear embedded at the point of the link ("embed"), replace the resource in which it appears ("replace"), or in a new window ("new"). "None" or "other" are also valid values.
Data Type:
"embed" or "new" or "replace" or "none" or "other"
 
@xlink:title
  Xlink: Title  [toc]
Summary: Information that may be used as a viewable caption for the remote resource.
Description
Information that serves as a viewable caption that indicates the name or type of the linked remote source.
Data Type:
string
 
@xlink:type
  Xlink: Type  [toc]
Summary: A fixed value that identifies an XLINK compliant element of a particular type.
Description
A fixed value that identifies an XLINK compliant element of a particular type. Only one XLINK type is used in EAC-CPF, "simple." While the attribute is optional in instances validated against the W3C Schema version of EAC-CPF, the Relax NG version of EAC-CPF requires it. To support exchange of EAC-CPF instances, it is recommended that the @xlink:type be present in the instance whenever any of the other XLINK attributes are used.
Data Type:
Fixed value: "simple"
 
@xml:base
  XML Base  [toc]
Summary: Used to specify a base URI other than the base URI of the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
@xml:base is used to specify the base URI other than the base URI of the EAC-CPF instance, for the purpose of resolving any relative URIs used with elements that contain one or more descendants that use an attribute of type anyURI. @xml:base makes it possible to declare an absolute base URI to facilitate the use of relative URIs on the descendants.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@xml:id
  XML Identifier  [toc]
Summary: A unique identifier available on most elements that can be used to name specific elements in the EAC-CPF instance.
Description
An identifier used to name the element so that it can be referred to, or referenced from, somewhere else. Each @xml:id within a document must have a unique value. The @xml:id attribute regularizes the naming of the element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. For example, the @xml:id may be used to uniquely identify two or more <cpfDescription> within <multipleIdentities>. Uniquely identifying or distinguishing two or more <cpfDescription> may be essential or useful in maintenance environments when relating resources, functions, or corporate bodies, persons, or families to one among two or more identities represented in one EAC-CPF instance.
Data Type:
NMTOKEN
 
@xml:lang
  XML Language  [toc]
Summary: Three-letter ISO 639-2 language code.
Description
The @xml:lang may occur on any element intended to contain natural language content whenever information about the language of the content of this element and its children are needed. @xml:lang should be used when the language of the element differs from the Language Code declared in the @languageCode attribute on the element <language> in the control section. The values in the list are taken from ISO 639-2 Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages. The list can be downloaded from the website of the Library of Congress which is the registration agency of the standard (http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html).
Data Type:
IS0 639-2 Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages.
 
  [toc]

Appendix  
ISAAR(CPF) Crosswalk  [toc]
ISAAR (CPF)
EAC-CPF
5.1 Identity area
<identity>
5.1.1 Type of entity
<entityType>
5.1.2 Authorized form(s) of name
<nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> with <authorizedForm>
5.1.3 Parallel forms of name
<nameEntryParallel>
5.1.4 Standardized forms of name according to other rules
<nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> with <authorizedForm>
5.1.5 Other forms of name
<nameEntry> or <nameEntryParallel> with <alternativeForm>
5.1.6 Identifiers for corporate bodies
<entityId>
5.2 Description area
<description>
5.2.1 Dates of existence
<existDates>
5.2.2 History
<biogHist>
5.2.3 Places
<place> or <places>
5.2.4 Legal status
<legalStatus> or <legalStatuses>
5.2.5 Functions, occupations and activities
<function> or <functions>, <occupation> or <occupations>
5.2.6 Mandates/Sources of authority
<mandate> or <mandates>
5.2.7 Internal structures/Genealogy
<structureOrGenealogy>
5.2.8 General context
<generalContext>
5.3 Relationships area
<relations>
5.3.1 Names/Identifiers of related corporate bodies, persons or families
<cpfRelation>
5.3.2 Category of relationship
<cpfRelation cpfRelationType="[value]">
5.3.3 Description of relationship
<objectXMLWrap> or <objectBinWrap> or <relationEntry>
5.3.4 Dates of the relationship
<cpfRelation>/<date> or <dateRange> or <dateSet>
5.4 Control area
<control>
5.4.1 Authority record identifier
<recordId>
5.4.2 Institution identifiers
<maintenanceAgency/agencyCode and/or agencyName>
5.4.3 Rules and/or conventions
<conventionDeclaration>
5.4.4 Status
<maintenanceStatus>
5.4.5 Level of detail
<localControl>
5.4.6 Dates of creation, revision or deletion
<maintenanceEvent>/<eventDateTime>
5.4.7 Languages and scripts
<languageDeclaration>
5.4.8 Sources
<sources>
5.4.9 Maintenance notes
<maintenanceEvent>/<maintenanceDescription>
6. Relating corporate bodies, persons, and families to archival materials and other resources
<resourceRelation>
6.1 Identifiers and titles of related resources
<objectXMLWrap> or <objectBinWrap> or <relationEntry>
6.2 Types of related resources
<resourceRelation xlink:role="[value]">
6.3 Nature of relationships
<resourceRelation resourceRelationType="[value]">
6.4 Dates of related resources and/or relationships
<resourceRelation>/<date> or <dateRange> or <dateSet>